Download The Fourth Crusade PDF

The Fourth Crusade

Author :
Publisher : Random House
Release Date :
ISBN : 1448114527
Pages : 416 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (114 Download)

Download Free The Fourth Crusade PDF by Jonathan Phillips Full Book and published by Random House. This book was released on 2011-12-31 with total page 416 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In April 1204, the armies of Western Christendom wrote another bloodstained chapter in the history of holy war. Two years earlier, aflame with religious zeal, the Fourth Crusade set out to free Jerusalem from the grip of Islam. But after a dramatic series of events, the crusaders turned their weapons against the Christian city of Constantinople, the heart of the Byzantine Empire and the greatest metropolis in the known world. The crusaders spared no one in their savagery: they murdered and raped old and young - they desecrated churches, plundered treasuries and much of the city was put to the torch. Some contemporaries were delighted: God had approved this punishment of the effeminate, treacherous Greeks; others expressed shock and disgust at this perversion of the crusading ideal. History has judged this as the crusade that went wrong. In this remarkable new assessment of the Fourth Crusade, Jonathan Phillips follows the fortunes of the leading players and explores the conflicting motives that drove the expedition to commit the most infamous massacre of the crusading movement.


Download An Ungodly War PDF

An Ungodly War

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Publisher : Sutton Pub Limited
Release Date :
ISBN :
Pages : 229 pages
Rating : 4.D/5 (3 Download)

Download Free An Ungodly War PDF by W. B. Bartlett Full Book and published by Sutton Pub Limited. This book was released on 2000 with total page 229 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Fourth Crusade was perhaps the darkest hour of the Catholic Church and of religion in the West. In 1204 thousands of men, dispatched by Pope Innocent IV to recover the Holy Places in Palestine, were diverted by the Venetians to the territory of the Christian Byzantine empire. The army sacked Constantinople, then the greatest city of Christendom. Thousands of people lost their lives, buildings were destroyed and treasures looted. The Byzantine government was ousted and a short-lived 'Latin empire' established. W. B. Bartlett's book tells the whole story of the crusade of 1204. It recounts the apocalyptic events of that year and attempts to explain how and why they happened, and to examine the context in which they occurred. How could an expedition designed with the protection of the 'true faith' and the protection of the souls of those who took part have been so easily diverted to destroy the world's greatest Christian city and so many of its inhabitants? This is the story of how an army that went forth in the name of God lost sight of its fundamental motivations - an object lesson in how a misguided idealism can lead to disaster. An Ungodly War chronicles the nadir of the Crusading movement in detail. It will be a must-have book for anyone shocked by the depths to which the Crusades - one of history's most controversial enterprises - could sink.


Download The Fourth Crusade PDF

The Fourth Crusade

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1317880552
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (88 Download)

Download Free The Fourth Crusade PDF by Michael J Angold Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-11-17 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Fourth Crusade (1202-4) was one of the key events in medieval history The fall of Constantinople to the Venetians and the soldiers of the fourth crusade in April 1204 was its climax. It ensured that Byzantium’s days as a great power were over. It equally ensured that westerners would dominate the Levant – the lands of the old Byzantine Empire –until the end of the middle ages. This book asks just how important was the Fourth as a turning point in the Middle East.. The broad setting is the encounter of Byzantium with the West within the framework of the crusades. Differences of outlook and interest meant that this encounter was soon overburdened with mutual distrust. 1204 was some kind of a solution and created situations scarcely conceivable even two years before when the fourth crusade set sail from Venice.


Download The Fourth Crusade PDF

The Fourth Crusade

Author :
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release Date :
ISBN : 9781985352940
Pages : 78 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (94 Download)

Download Free The Fourth Crusade PDF by Charles River Charles River Editors Full Book and published by Createspace Independent Publishing Platform. This book was released on 2018-02-12 with total page 78 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: *Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the standoff by federal agents and members of the Branch Davidians *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "The Latin soldiery subjected the greatest city in Europe to an indescribable sack. For three days they murdered, raped, looted and destroyed on a scale which even the ancient Vandals and Goths would have found unbelievable." - Speros Vryonis, Byzantium and Europe The Fourth Crusade from 1202-1204 is significant in medieval history because it was the first time a crusade was directed against another Christian group. It was also significant since it encompassed two of the four major sieges of Constantinople, and it also sparked a third in 1235 (an unsuccessful attempt to reverse the Latin gains in 1204). Given that legacy, it's ironic that like the Crusades before it, the Fourth Crusade was originally intended as an invasion of Egypt, which had been conquered by Saladin and his uncle nearly four decades earlier. Egypt had been joined with Syria into one Muslim empire under Saladin, but it had fallen apart into two separate realms after his death shortly after the Third Crusade in 1193. Following that crusade, the main objective of the Crusaders in the 13th century was to conquer Egypt and use it as a beachhead against the Muslims in Syria who threatened Christian Palestine, a goal that should have been beneficial to all of Christendom in both the West and East. Instead, during the Fourth Crusade, tensions between the Latin Christians of Western Europe and the Greek Christians of Constantinople came to a head after a century and three previous Crusades. This resulted in a critical breakdown of communications that resulted in an internal war within Christendom and led to the sack of Constantinople by the Crusaders. After this, the Crusaders established a Latin Kingdom in Constantinople for nearly 60 years, but it remained shaky and was eventually retaken by the Byzantine Greeks. The Fourth Crusade was also a result of the imperialist ambitions of Pope Innocent III, one of the strongest and proudest popes of the Middle Ages, and it was a precursor of the Albigensian Crusade, the first true "internal" crusade. With that, the Latin Christians began to lose focus on the dwindling territories in Palestine, and instead Christians fell upon each other, engaging in Crusades against other Christian groups and bleeding much-needed support from the Latin kingdoms in Palestine. In the west, the Fourth Crusade also saw the rise in power of the Byzantines' most bitter rivals in the West: the Venetians and Genoese. The Venetian Doge was later blamed for inciting the Crusaders to fall upon his Byzantine enemies, and while the situation was more complicated than that, the involvement of the Venetians in the altered direction of the Crusade cannot be denied. Thus, even though no one realized it at the time, the Fourth Crusade was the turning point for the Crusades; after this one, the slow decline toward the Latin Christians losing the Holy Land became inevitable. Constantinople, whether as a Greek or a Latin Empire, was also fatally weakened and would eventually fall to the Ottoman Turks in 1453, long after the end of the Crusades. The Fourth Crusade would inevitably lead to the fall of the Crusader states less than a century later and also the fall of Constantinople two and a half centuries later to the Muslims. The latter would be a permanent loss to Christianity, while Christian forces would not regain control of Palestine until the 20th century. The Fourth Crusade: The History of the Crusade that Resulted in the Sack of Constantinople chronicles one of the most controversial events of the Middle Ages. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the 4th Crusade like never before, in no time at all.


Download The Fourth Crusade PDF

The Fourth Crusade

Author :
Publisher : CreateSpace
Release Date :
ISBN : 9781517090227
Pages : 44 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (229 Download)

Download Free The Fourth Crusade PDF by Charles River Editors Full Book and published by CreateSpace. This book was released on 2015-08-28 with total page 44 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: *Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the standoff by federal agents and members of the Branch Davidians *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "The Latin soldiery subjected the greatest city in Europe to an indescribable sack. For three days they murdered, raped, looted and destroyed on a scale which even the ancient Vandals and Goths would have found unbelievable." - Speros Vryonis, Byzantium and Europe The Fourth Crusade from 1202-1204 is significant in medieval history because it was the first time a crusade was directed against another Christian group. It was also significant since it encompassed two of the four major sieges of Constantinople, and it also sparked a third in 1235 (an unsuccessful attempt to reverse the Latin gains in 1204). Given that legacy, it's ironic that like the Crusades before it, the Fourth Crusade was originally intended as an invasion of Egypt, which had been conquered by Saladin and his uncle nearly four decades earlier. Egypt had been joined with Syria into one Muslim empire under Saladin, but it had fallen apart into two separate realms after his death shortly after the Third Crusade in 1193. Following that crusade, the main objective of the Crusaders in the 13th century was to conquer Egypt and use it as a beachhead against the Muslims in Syria who threatened Christian Palestine, a goal that should have been beneficial to all of Christendom in both the West and East. Instead, during the Fourth Crusade, tensions between the Latin Christians of Western Europe and the Greek Christians of Constantinople came to a head after a century and three previous Crusades. This resulted in a critical breakdown of communications that resulted in an internal war within Christendom and led to the sack of Constantinople by the Crusaders. After this, the Crusaders established a Latin Kingdom in Constantinople for nearly 60 years, but it remained shaky and was eventually retaken by the Byzantine Greeks. The Fourth Crusade was also a result of the imperialist ambitions of Pope Innocent III, one of the strongest and proudest popes of the Middle Ages, and it was a precursor of the Albigensian Crusade, the first true "internal" crusade. With that, the Latin Christians began to lose focus on the dwindling territories in Palestine, and instead Christians fell upon each other, engaging in Crusades against other Christian groups and bleeding much-needed support from the Latin kingdoms in Palestine. In the west, the Fourth Crusade also saw the rise in power of the Byzantines' most bitter rivals in the West: the Venetians and Genoese. The Venetian Doge was later blamed for inciting the Crusaders to fall upon his Byzantine enemies, and while the situation was more complicated than that, the involvement of the Venetians in the altered direction of the Crusade cannot be denied. Thus, even though no one realized it at the time, the Fourth Crusade was the turning point for the Crusades; after this one, the slow decline toward the Latin Christians losing the Holy Land became inevitable. Constantinople, whether as a Greek or a Latin Empire, was also fatally weakened and would eventually fall to the Ottoman Turks in 1453, long after the end of the Crusades. The Fourth Crusade would inevitably lead to the fall of the Crusader states less than a century later and also the fall of Constantinople two and a half centuries later to the Muslims. The latter would be a permanent loss to Christianity, while Christian forces would not regain control of Palestine until the 20th century. The Fourth Crusade: The History of the Crusade that Resulted in the Sack of Constantinople chronicles one of the most controversial events of the Middle Ages. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the 4th Crusade like never before, in no time at all.


Download The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople PDF

The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople

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Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN :
Pages : 374 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (42 Download)

Download Free The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople PDF by Jonathan P. Phillips Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2004 with total page 374 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download The Crusades, 1095-1204 PDF

The Crusades, 1095-1204

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1317755871
Pages : 294 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (755 Download)

Download Free The Crusades, 1095-1204 PDF by Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2014-05-30 with total page 294 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This new and considerably expanded edition of The Crusades, 1095-1204 couples vivid narrative with a clear and accessible analysis of the key ideas that prompted the conquest and settlement of the Holy Land between the First and the Fourth Crusade. This edition now covers the Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople, along with greater coverage of the Muslim response to the Crusades from the capture of Jerusalem in 1099 to Saladin’s leadership of the counter-crusade, culminating in his struggle with Richard the Lionheart during the Third Crusade. It also examines the complex motives of the Italian city states during the conquest of the Levant, as well as relations between the Frankish settlers and the indigenous population, both Eastern Christian and Muslim, in times of war and peace. Extended treatment of the events of the First Crusade, the failure of the Second Crusade, and the prominent role of female rulers in the Latin East feature too. Underpinned by the latest research, this book also features: - a ‘Who’s Who’, a Chronology, a discussion of the Historiography, maps, family trees, and numerous illustrations. - a strong collection of contemporary documents, including previously untranslated narratives and poems. - A blend of thematic and narrative chapters also consider the Military Orders, kingship, warfare and castles, and pilgrimage. This new edition provides an illuminating insight into one of the most famous and compelling periods of history.


Download Crusaders and Crusading in the Twelfth Century PDF

Crusaders and Crusading in the Twelfth Century

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1351947087
Pages : 392 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (947 Download)

Download Free Crusaders and Crusading in the Twelfth Century PDF by Giles Constable Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-12-05 with total page 392 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Crusading in the twelfth century was less a series of discrete events than a manifestation of an endemic phenomenon that touched almost every aspect of life at that time. The defense of Christendom and the recovery of the Holy Land were widely-shared objectives. Thousands of men, and not a few women, participated in the crusades, including not only those who took the cross but many others who shared the costs and losses, as well as the triumphs of the crusaders. This volume contains not a narrative account of the crusades in the twelfth century, but a group of studies illustrating many aspects of crusading that are often passed over in narrative histories, including the courses and historiography of the crusades, their background, ideology, and finances, and how they were seen in Europe. Included are revised and updated versions of Giles Constable's classic essays on medieval crusading, along with two major new studies on the cross of the crusaders and the Fourth Crusade, and two excursuses on the terminology of crusading and the numbering of the crusades. They provide an opportunity to meet some individual crusaders, such as Odo Arpinus, whose remarkable career carried him from France to the east and back again, and whose legendary exploits in the Holy Land were recorded in the Old French crusade cycle. Other studies take the reader to the boundaries of Christendom in Spain and Portugal and in eastern Germany, where the campaigns against the Wends formed part of the wider crusading movement. Together they show the range and depth of crusading at that time and its influence on the broader history of the period.


Download The Fall of Constantinople, Being the Story of the Fourth Crusade PDF

The Fall of Constantinople, Being the Story of the Fourth Crusade

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Publisher : CreateSpace
Release Date :
ISBN : 9781499320787
Pages : 216 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (787 Download)

Download Free The Fall of Constantinople, Being the Story of the Fourth Crusade PDF by Edwin Pears Full Book and published by CreateSpace. This book was released on 2014-05-04 with total page 216 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: When the Fourth Crusade was launched, it was widely expected that the European crusaders would head to fight the Muslims for control of Jerusalem. Instead, the Fourth Crusade witnessed the crusaders sack the Byzantine capital of Constantinople, helping usher in the schism between Orthodox and Catholic Christians. Pears' book tells the story of that momentous event.


Download The Life and Legend of the Sultan Saladin PDF

The Life and Legend of the Sultan Saladin

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Publisher : Random House
Release Date :
ISBN : 1448129680
Pages : 512 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (129 Download)

Download Free The Life and Legend of the Sultan Saladin PDF by Jonathan Phillips Full Book and published by Random House. This book was released on 2019-04-25 with total page 512 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: 'Superbly researched and enormously entertaining... One of the outstanding books of the year' The Times An epic story of empire-building and bloody conflict, this ground-breaking biography of one of history’s most venerated military and religious heroes opens a window on the Islamic and Christian worlds’ complex relationship. WINNER OF THE SLIGHTLY FOXED BEST FIRST BIOGRAPHY PRIZE When Saladin recaptured Jerusalem from the Crusaders in 1187, returning the Holy City to Islamic rule, he sent shockwaves throughout Christian Europe and the Muslim Near East that reverberate today. It was the culmination of a supremely exciting life. Born into a significant Kurdish family in northern Iraq, this warrior and diplomat fought under the banner of jihad, but at the same time worked tirelessly to build an empire that stretched from North Africa to Western Iraq. Gathering together a turbulent coalition, he was able to capture Jerusalem, only to trigger the Third Crusade and face his greatest adversary, King Richard the Lionheart. Drawing on a rich blend of Arabic and European sources, this is a comprehensive account of both the man and the legend to which he gave birth, describing vividly the relentless action of his life and tracing its aftermath through culture and politics all the way to the present day. 'An authoritative and brilliantly told account of the life of one of the world's greatest – and most famous – military leaders' Peter Frankopan


Download The Second Crusade PDF

The Second Crusade

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Publisher : Yale University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780300112740
Pages : 364 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (742 Download)

Download Free The Second Crusade PDF by Jonathan P. Phillips Full Book and published by Yale University Press. This book was released on 2007-01-01 with total page 364 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Looks at the origins, planning, and events surrounding the Second Crusade, including the roles of Pope Eugenius III and King Conrad III of Germany and its impact on Europe and the eastern Mediterranean.


Download The Remaking of the Medieval World, 1204 PDF

The Remaking of the Medieval World, 1204

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Publisher : UNC Press Books
Release Date :
ISBN : 1469664127
Pages : 112 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (664 Download)

Download Free The Remaking of the Medieval World, 1204 PDF by John J. Giebfried Full Book and published by UNC Press Books. This book was released on 2021-06-01 with total page 112 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Remaking of the Medieval World, 1204 allows students to understand and experience one of the greatest medieval atrocities, the sack of the Constantinople by a crusader army, and the subsequent reshaping of the Byzantine Empire. The game includes debates on issues such as "just war" and the nature of crusading, feudalism, trade rights, and the relationship between secular and religious authority. It likewise explores the theological issues at the heart of the East-West Schism and the development of constitutional states in the era of Magna Carta. The game also includes a model siege and sack of Constantinople where individual students' actions shape the fate of the crusade for everyone.


Download Holy Warriors PDF

Holy Warriors

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Publisher : Random House
Release Date :
ISBN :
Pages : 424 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (56 Download)

Download Free Holy Warriors PDF by Jonathan P. Phillips Full Book and published by Random House. This book was released on 2009 with total page 424 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Holy war: Christianity versus Islam. Brutality, greed, honour, chivalry; the clink of chain mail, the clatter of hooves, the call of the muezzin. Such are the stock ingredients of the Crusades. But to what extent do the stereotypes fit with the reality?


Download The Road to Armageddon PDF

The Road to Armageddon

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Publisher : Sutton Pub Limited
Release Date :
ISBN :
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.D/5 (3 Download)

Download Free The Road to Armageddon PDF by W. B. Bartlett Full Book and published by Sutton Pub Limited. This book was released on 2007 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Third Crusade of Richard the Lionheart is well known but the build-up to it less so. Yet the years that led up to the Battle of Hattin in 1187 resonant with intrigue, plot and counter-plot, and the abuse of power. The infighting among the Christian forces, coupled with the rise of a Muslim leader of genius, Salah ed-Din Yusuf, Saladin, led almost inevitably to the fateful field of Hattin.


Download Islam's War Against the Crusaders PDF

Islam's War Against the Crusaders

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Publisher : The History Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0752496565
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (496 Download)

Download Free Islam's War Against the Crusaders PDF by W B Bartlett Full Book and published by The History Press. This book was released on 2008-12-01 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Crusades continue to exert a fascination in the West as a story of perceived gallantry and battles against impossible odds. Yet what is less often considered is their effect on the Holy Land, and in particular the response of the Muslim world to the invasions of European Crusaders. In this book, W. B. Bartlett, author of four books on the Crusades, looks at these great events from the Muslim point of view. One of the effects was to unite a previously divided Islamic world against a common enemy. In the process, they gave an unstoppable impetus towards the declaring of jihad against the West, a holy war against Christendom. They also helped to shape the careers of some important figures, most notably Saladin, but also other great men like Sultan Baibars and Nur al-Din. The rise of these great leaders is traced in this book, as are the many great battles that were fought by men just as devoted to their cause as the Crusaders were.


Download The Fourth Crusade: Event, Aftermath, and Perceptions PDF

The Fourth Crusade: Event, Aftermath, and Perceptions

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1351889451
Pages : 208 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (889 Download)

Download Free The Fourth Crusade: Event, Aftermath, and Perceptions PDF by Thomas F. Madden Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-12-05 with total page 208 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Fourth Crusade (1201-1204), launched to restore Jerusalem to Christian control, veered widely off course, finally landing at Constantinople which it conquered and sacked. The effects of the crusade were far-reaching during the Middle Ages and remain powerful even today, which explains the continued vibrancy of its historiography. This volume, based on studies presented at the Sixth Conference of the Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East in Istanbul, Turkey in 2004, represents some of the best new research on this fascinating event. With the "Diversion Question" of the past centuries now largely settled, these studies focus on three aspects of current scholarship: evaluations of the event itself, investigations into the aftermath of the conquest of Constantinople in 1204, and analyses of the evolving perceptions and memories of the event in Europe and the Middle East. Together these essays help to place the Fourth Crusade within the larger context of medieval Mediterranean history as well as larger issues such as agency, accommodation, and memory that inform new aspects of modern historiography.


Download Medieval Sourcebook: Nicetas Choniates: The Sack of Constantinople (1204). PDF

Medieval Sourcebook: Nicetas Choniates: The Sack of Constantinople (1204).

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Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN :
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (38 Download)

Download Free Medieval Sourcebook: Nicetas Choniates: The Sack of Constantinople (1204). PDF by Full Book and published by . This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Paul Halsall presents an account of the sack of Constantinople by the Venetians during the Fourth Crusade as part of the Medieval Sourcebook. The account was provided by Byzantine historian Nicetas Choniates (c.1140-1213). The 1204 attack resulted in the end of communion between the Catholic and Orthodox Churches.