Download The Fourth Crusade 1202–04 PDF

The Fourth Crusade 1202–04

Author :
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 1849088217
Pages : 96 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (88 Download)

Download Free The Fourth Crusade 1202–04 PDF by David Nicolle Full Book and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2011-08-20 with total page 96 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Fourth Crusade was the first, and most famous of the 'diverted' Crusades, which saw the Crusade diverted from its original target, Ayyubi Egypt, to attack the Christian city of Zadar in modern Croatia instead, an attack that was little more than a mercenary action to repay the Venetians for their provision of a fleet to the Crusaders. This book examines the combined action and sacking of the city of Zara, which saw the Crusaders temporarily excommunicated by the Pope. It goes on to evaluate how the influence of the Venetians prompted an attack on Constantinople, analyses the siege that followed and describes the naval assault and sacking of the city which saw the Crusaders place Count Baldwin of Flanders on the Byzantine throne.


Download The Fourth Crusade 1202–04 PDF

The Fourth Crusade 1202–04

Author :
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 1849083207
Pages : 96 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (83 Download)

Download Free The Fourth Crusade 1202–04 PDF by David Nicolle Full Book and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2011-08-20 with total page 96 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Fourth Crusade was the first, and most famous of the 'diverted' Crusades, which saw the Crusade diverted from its original target, Ayyubi Egypt, to attack the Christian city of Zadar in modern Croatia instead, an attack that was little more than a mercenary action to repay the Venetians for their provision of a fleet to the Crusaders. This book examines the combined action and sacking of the city of Zara, which saw the Crusaders temporarily excommunicated by the Pope. It goes on to evaluate how the influence of the Venetians prompted an attack on Constantinople, analyses the siege that followed and describes the naval assault and sacking of the city which saw the Crusaders place Count Baldwin of Flanders on the Byzantine throne.


Download The Fall of Constantinople PDF

The Fall of Constantinople

Author :
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release Date :
ISBN : 9781987418262
Pages : 436 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (263 Download)

Download Free The Fall of Constantinople PDF by Edwin Pears Full Book and published by Createspace Independent Publishing Platform. This book was released on 2018-03-30 with total page 436 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Fourth Crusade (1202-04) was a Western European armed expedition called by Pope Innocent III, originally intended to reconquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem by means of an invasion through Egypt. Instead, a sequence of events culminated in the Crusaders sacking the city of Constantinople, the capital of the Christian-controlled Byzantine Empire. In January 1203, en route to Jerusalem, the majority of the crusader leadership entered into an agreement with the Byzantine prince Alexios Angelos to divert to Constantinople and restore his deposed father as emperor. The intention of the crusaders was then to continue to the Holy Land with promised Byzantine financial and military assistance. On 23 June 1203 the main crusader fleet reached Constantinople. Smaller contingents continued to Acre. In August 1203, following clashes outside Constantinople, Alexios Angelos was crowned co-Emperor (as Alexios IV Angelos) with crusader support. However, in January 1204, he was deposed by a popular uprising in Constantinople. The Western crusaders were no longer able to receive their promised payments, and when Alexios was murdered on 8 February 1204, the crusaders and Venetians decided on the outright conquest of Constantinople. In April 1204, they captured and brutally sacked the city, and set up a new Latin Empire as well as partitioning other Byzantine territories among themselves. Byzantine resistance based in unconquered sections of the empire such as Nicaea, Trebizond, and Epirus ultimately recovered Constantinople in 1261. The Fourth Crusade is considered to be one of the more prominent acts in the Great Schism between the Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church, and a key turning point in the decline of the Byzantine Empire and Christianity in the Near East.


Download The Crusades: Motives, Methods and Moments PDF

The Crusades: Motives, Methods and Moments

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Publisher : CANDOR Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 1999364481
Pages : 108 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (364 Download)

Download Free The Crusades: Motives, Methods and Moments PDF by Emil Shehadeh Full Book and published by CANDOR Publishing. This book was released on with total page 108 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Although the crusades ended several hundred years ago, they remain a vexed issue today, not least for Muslims, who seem to evoke the crusades whenever the problem of contemporary Muslim violence is discussed. President Obama’s National Prayer Breakfast speech suggested that the crusades have robbed the West of the right to criticise Islamic violence. Were the crusades holy wars? Were there any other motives behind the crusades? Why have popes recently apologised to Muslims for the crusades? The crusades are examined against Christian and Muslim standards. Did the Roman Catholic Church use the Word of God appropriately? Could the crusades have been prevented by an earlier Protestant Reformation? The issue of a Just War is discussed. Can the crusades be justified from a Christian point of view? What preceded the crusades in Christian-Muslim relations? Are Muslims the victims of the crusades? Can the House of Islam justify continuing their war on Christians today because of the crusades? What can be learnt from the crusades?


Download The Crusades PDF

The Crusades

Author :
Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Release Date :
ISBN : 1680487817
Pages : 48 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (487 Download)

Download Free The Crusades PDF by Carolyn DeCarlo Full Book and published by The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. This book was released on 2017-12-15 with total page 48 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Many modern-day readers would consider Christians a peaceful people, but their history is steeped in war and bloodshed. This book focuses on a series of military campaigns known as the Crusades, during which Christian warriors attempted to regain the Holy Land (Palestine) from Muslim rule. This inclusive text begins with the origins of these campaigns, with reference to the Selijuq Turks' defeat of the Byzantine armies and Pope Urban II's Council at Clermont, and leads readers through seven well-known crusades to their decline and ultimate failure. It also contains an in-depth look at three special orders of knighthood: the Knights Hospitallers, the Knights Templars, and the Teutonic Knights.


Download The Apple of His Eye PDF

The Apple of His Eye

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Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0691210411
Pages : 200 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (21 Download)

Download Free The Apple of His Eye PDF by William Chester Jordan Full Book and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2020-09-08 with total page 200 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The thirteenth century brought new urgency to Catholic efforts to convert non-Christians, and no Catholic ruler was more dedicated to this undertaking than King Louis IX of France. His military expeditions against Islam are well documented, but there was also a peaceful side to his encounter with the Muslim world, one that has received little attention until now. This splendid book shines new light on the king’s program to induce Muslims—the “apple of his eye”—to voluntarily convert to Christianity and resettle in France. It recovers a forgotten but important episode in the history of the Crusades while providing a rare window into the fraught experiences of the converts themselves. William Chester Jordan transforms our understanding of medieval Christian-Muslim relations by telling the stories of the Muslims who came to France to live as Christians. Under what circumstances did they willingly convert? How successfully did they assimilate into French society? What forms of resistance did they employ? In examining questions like these, Jordan weaves a richly detailed portrait of a dazzling yet violent age whose lessons still resonate today. Until now, scholars have dismissed historical accounts of the king’s peaceful conversion of Muslims as hagiographical and therefore untrustworthy. Jordan takes these narratives seriously—and uncovers archival evidence to back them up. He brings his findings marvelously to life in this succinct and compelling book, setting them in the context of the Seventh Crusade and the universalizing Catholic impulse to convert the world.


Download Crusade - Volume 1 - Simoun Dja PDF

Crusade - Volume 1 - Simoun Dja

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Publisher : Cinebook
Release Date :
ISBN : 1849189420
Pages : 48 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (189 Download)

Download Free Crusade - Volume 1 - Simoun Dja PDF by Jean Dufaux Full Book and published by Cinebook. This book was released on 2013-01-22T00:00:00+01:00 with total page 48 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The tale of a forgotten crusade, erased from history because it fell into the shadow of the devil. Jerusalem is in the hands of Sultan Ab’dul Razim, and the Christians have raised an army to take it back, led by Grégoire of Arcos and the Duke of Taranto. Only Gauthier of Flanders and his sister-in-law Syria of Arcos are opposed to an attack they deem premature. But the stench of brimstone covers everything, and in a war fought in the name of God, it is the Qua’dj, a demon, who could decide the fate of the Holy Land...


Download A History of the Church in the Middle Ages PDF

A History of the Church in the Middle Ages

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1134786697
Pages : 384 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (786 Download)

Download Free A History of the Church in the Middle Ages PDF by F Donald Logan Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2012-10-02 with total page 384 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this fascinating survey, F. Donald Logan introduces the reader to the Christian church, from the conversion of the Celtic and Germanic peoples through to the discovery of the New World.


Download The Collected Papers of Bertrand Russell, Volume 26 PDF

The Collected Papers of Bertrand Russell, Volume 26

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1000216837
Pages : 1024 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (216 Download)

Download Free The Collected Papers of Bertrand Russell, Volume 26 PDF by Bertrand Russell Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-01-04 with total page 1024 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Collected Papers of Bertrand Russell, Volume 26 covers a period of transition in Russell's political life between his orthodox and sometimes pugnacious defence of the West in the early post-war, and the dissenting advocacy of nuclear disarmament and détente that started in earnest in the mid-1950s. While some of the assembled writings echo harsh prior criticism of Soviet expansionism and dictatorship, others register growing qualms about the recklessness of American foreign policy and the baneful effects on civil liberties of anti-communist hysteria inside the United States. Whether continuing to push for western rearmament, or highlighting in a more placatory vein the folly of the Cold War's divisions and rival fanaticisms, Russell's paramount objective was avoiding a war that threatened global catastrophe. Suspended between fear and hope, he expounded his evolving political concerns–and much else besides, including autobiographical reflections and typically common-sense guidance for living well–in a constant flow of newspaper and magazine articles, letters to editors, radio broadcasts and discussions and, of special note, a Nobel Prize acceptance speech. Russell also completed two lecture tours of the United States (the last of many), as well as a landmark such visit to Australia. All three of these journeys, and the textual record they left, are examined in depth using manuscript material and unpublished correspondence from the Bertrand Russell Archives at McMaster University, which is mined extensively throughout the volume.


Download The Kingfisher History Encyclopedia PDF

The Kingfisher History Encyclopedia

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Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780753457849
Pages : 491 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (849 Download)

Download Free The Kingfisher History Encyclopedia PDF by Editors of Kingfisher Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2004-09-09 with total page 491 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A reference guide to world history, featuring a timeline, key date boxes, and biographies of historical figures.


Download History of the World Map by Map PDF

History of the World Map by Map

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Publisher : Dorling Kindersley Ltd
Release Date :
ISBN : 0241379180
Pages : 360 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (379 Download)

Download Free History of the World Map by Map PDF by DK Full Book and published by Dorling Kindersley Ltd. This book was released on 2018-10-04 with total page 360 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Maps don't just show us where to go, but also where we've been. A stunning overview of all human history, side by side with 140 custom maps. Learn how something like the printing press can define a time, or how the Allies in Europe could defeat the Nazis. There is so much to read about in this remarkable history book, and just as much to look at. Maps are more than the topography of the Earth, or the borders of countries. Maps can represent the movement of people and ideas, and they provide a unique way to explain historical themes and explore sweeping periods of time. This stunning visual reference book starts with the evolution and migration of our oldest ancestors out of Africa. You can then look up maps about the Greece and Persian War, the Mongol Conquests, Medieval Europe's trade routes, and the rise of the Ottomans. There are maps about the colonisation of North America, the scientific revolution, Napoleon's advances, and Britain's control of India. There's more in later centuries, such as the Age of Imperialism, the American Civil War, industrialised Europe and the transformation of Japan. This history book reaching across millennia gives you a broad view of the pivotal events in our past. With 140 maps, complimented with pictures, info boxes and timelines, there's so much to enjoy and learn about. You will gain a strong understanding of some of the forces and movements across continents that have shaped our world. A Map Guided Tour of World History Inside this beautiful cover is concise and fascinating historical information, 140 custom maps and many ways to engage in history that will interest many readers, from students wanting additional resources for school, to history buffs that love a good book and cartography. Go on guided tour through time: - Prehistory 7 MYA-3000 BCE - The Ancient World 3000 BCE - 500 CE - Middle Ages 500-1450 CE - The Early Modern World 1450-1700 - Revolution and Industry 1700-1850 - Progress and Empire 1850-1914 - The Modern World 1914-Present


Download Unknown Crusader Castles PDF

Unknown Crusader Castles

Author :
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 0826432018
Pages : 448 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (432 Download)

Download Free Unknown Crusader Castles PDF by Kristian Molin Full Book and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2001-04-01 with total page 448 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The capture of Jerusalem by the First Crusade in 1099 signalled the beginning of an armed struggle in Palestine and throughout the Eastern Mediterranean which lasted until the 15th century. It was a war dominated by the building, securing and besieging of castles rather than by pitched battles. Kristian Molin covers the military history of the crusades on a wider geographical scale than previous historians, taking in Armenia, Cyprus and Greece as well as the Holy Land. He also shows the role of castles as administrative, judicial and social centres in times of peace as well as in war. "Unknown Crusader Castles" provides a fresh perspective on the history of the crusades.


Download The Militant Middle Ages PDF

The Militant Middle Ages

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Publisher : BRILL
Release Date :
ISBN : 9004414983
Pages : 296 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (414 Download)

Download Free The Militant Middle Ages PDF by Tommaso di Carpegna Falconieri Full Book and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2019-11-04 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In The Militant Middle Ages Tommaso di Carpegna Falconieri delves into common perceptions of the Middle Ages and how these views shape current political contexts, offering a new lens for scrutinizing contemporary society through its instrumentalization of the medieval past.


Download World History For Dummies PDF

World History For Dummies

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN : 1119855608
Pages : 432 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (855 Download)

Download Free World History For Dummies PDF by Peter Haugen Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2022-02-15 with total page 432 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Discover how the modern world came to be with this easy-to-follow and up-to-date history companion Want to get a taste of the entirety of human history in a single book? With World History For Dummies, you'll get an overview of the history of, well, everything, from the Neanderthal experience to the latest historical developments of the 21st century. Re-live history from your armchair as you ride into battle alongside Roman generals, prepare Egyptian pharaohs for the afterlife, and learn from the great Greek poets and philosophers. Written in the easy-to-digest style the For Dummies series is famous for, you'll discover: How religion, philosophy, and science shaped, and were shaped by, the great figures of history The human consequences of warfare, from historical battles to more modern conflicts from the 20th century What's influencing events in the 21st century, from climate change to new regimes and economies World History For Dummies is the perfect gift for the lifelong learner who wants to brush up on their world history knowledge. It's also an indispensable resource for AP World History students looking for a supplemental reference to help them with their studies.


Download Steps, Faith to Reason PDF

Steps, Faith to Reason

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Publisher : AuthorHouse
Release Date :
ISBN : 9781449032210
Pages : 454 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (214 Download)

Download Free Steps, Faith to Reason PDF by William C. White Full Book and published by AuthorHouse. This book was released on 2009-10-26 with total page 454 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: For centuries books have changed lives. Some even improved lives. This book provides an historical sketch of mankind’s path during the past four millennia with a focus on mankind’s use of faith and reason as faculties to guide life. Along this path there have been endless efforts to guide human lives; some even sought to reduce the brutishness of humans. Among the early efforts to encourage civility in human behavior were tenets, doctrines of faith-based religions. With faith, as used in this copy, one accepts without question doctrines and tenets of a religion. Later along mankind’s path, reason developed as a faculty enabling one to question, to seek truths and to use integrity, ethics and morality to do what is right. As in any path, there are increments of progress, steps, which serve as landmarks along the way. Reason, with rational thinking, got a foothold in the second millennium BCE, beginning a transfer by mankind in using reason rather than faith as a faculty to guide human life. The text describes some of the more progressive, landmark steps by 11 historical figures in the path of mankind illustrating advantages of reason as a faculty to guide one’s life. Many instances could mark the beginning of this path, but the one selected for the copy is the story of Abraham. With this person, beginning in Mesopotamia, the path traverses westward to the life of Thomas Paine in Paris, London and Philadelphia. The objective in this copy is to help the reader comprehend these progressive steps in utilizing reason rather than faith as a faculty to guide one’s life and to correct intolerance, injustice and other brutishness of humanity. Relevant historical information on the notable humans taking these steps, and on their times, hopefully will provide useful illumination for the steps described. “White examines how men from Abraham and Seneca to Voltaire and Thomas Paine helped ‘establish the use of reason rather than faith as a guide for mankind.’” “...Steps, Faith to Reason is nothing short of the history of Western thought condensed into a single, easily understood volume.” —ForeWord Clarion Review [Steps, Faith to Reason]...“represents the author’s sober assessment of the intellectual path humanity has taken from theocracy to secularity, from the ubiquity of religion to the use of scientific thought.” —Blue Ink Review


Download History of Western Civilization PDF

History of Western Civilization

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Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0226561623
Pages : 704 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (561 Download)

Download Free History of Western Civilization PDF by William H. McNeill Full Book and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2010-04-15 with total page 704 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Renowned historian William H. McNeil provides a brilliant narrative chronology of the development of Western civilization, representing its socio-political as well as cultural aspects. This sixth edition includes new material for the twentieth-century period and completely revised bibliographies. An invaluable tool for the study of Western civilization, the Handbook is an essential complement to readings in primary and secondary sources such as those in the nine-volume University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization.


Download Encyclopedia of Medieval Literature PDF

Encyclopedia of Medieval Literature

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1136594256
Pages : 560 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (594 Download)

Download Free Encyclopedia of Medieval Literature PDF by Laura C. Lambdin Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-04-03 with total page 560 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This reference is a comprehensive guide to literature written 500 to 1500 A.D., a period that gave rise to some of the world's most enduring and influential works, such as Dante's Commedia, Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, and a large body of Arthurian lore and legend. While its emphasis is upon medieval English texts and society, this reference also covers Islamic, Hispanic, Celtic, Mongolian, Germanic, Italian, and Russian literature and Middle Age culture. Longer entries provide thorough coverage of major English authors such as Chaucer and Sir Thomas Malory, and of genre entries, such as drama, lyric, ballad, debate, saga, chronicle, and hagiography. Shorter entries examine particular literary works; significant kings, artists, explorers, and religious leaders; important themes, such as courtly love and chivalry; and major historical events, such as the Crusades. Each entry concludes with a brief biography. The volume closes with a list of the most valuable general works for further reading.