Download Quantifying Aristotle PDF

Quantifying Aristotle

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Publisher : BRILL
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ISBN : 9004512055
Pages : 491 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (512 Download)

Download Free Quantifying Aristotle PDF by Full Book and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2022-06-08 with total page 491 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers an entirely new perspective on the alleged incompatibility between Aristotelian philosophy and the mathematical methods and principles that form the basis of modern science. It surveys the tradition of the Oxford Calculators from its beginnings in the fourteenth century until Leibniz and the philosophy of the seventeenth century and explores how their various techniques of quantification expanded the conceptual and methodological limits of Aristotelianism.


Download Aristotle's Critique of Political Economy PDF

Aristotle's Critique of Political Economy

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 1317241681
Pages : 224 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (241 Download)

Download Free Aristotle's Critique of Political Economy PDF by Robert L. Gallagher Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2018-05-23 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book presents a positive account of Aristotle’s theory of political economy, arguing that it contains elements that may help us better understand and resolve contemporary social and economic problems. The book considers how Aristotle’s work has been utilized by scholars including Marx, Polanyi, Rawls, Nussbaum and Sen to develop solutions to the problem of injustice. It then goes on to present a new Social Welfare Function (SWF) as an application of Aristotle’s theory. In exploring how Aristotle’s theories can be applied to contemporary social welfare analysis, the book offers a study that will be of relevance to scholars of the history of economic thought, political theory and the philosophy of economics.


Download Aristotle PDF

Aristotle

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Pages : pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (15 Download)

Download Free Aristotle PDF by George Grote Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1872 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download A Companion to Aristotle PDF

A Companion to Aristotle

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN : 1118592433
Pages : 674 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (592 Download)

Download Free A Companion to Aristotle PDF by Georgios Anagnostopoulos Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2013-04-29 with total page 674 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Blackwell Companion to Aristotle provides in-depth studies of the main themes of Aristotle's thought, from art to zoology. The most comprehensive single volume survey of the life and work of Aristotle Comprised of 40 newly commissioned essays from leading experts Coves the full range of Aristotle's work, from his 'theoretical' inquiries into metaphysics, physics, psychology, and biology, to the practical and productive "sciences" such as ethics, politics, rhetoric, and art


Download Introduction to Aristotle’s Theory of Being as Being PDF

Introduction to Aristotle’s Theory of Being as Being

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 940176798X
Pages : 62 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (767 Download)

Download Free Introduction to Aristotle’s Theory of Being as Being PDF by August Marx Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2013-11-21 with total page 62 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Philosophy finds itself "between tradition and another beginning." 1 For this reason it seems necessary to reconsider the foundations of traditional philosophy in the hope that out of these considerations new questions may arise which may lead to a new philosophical foundation. To this end neither the large manual nor the monograph is well suited. What is required, instead, is to take a few steps which lead our thoughts directly into the problems of a given, traditional, philosophical foun dation. In this sense the present work wishes to provide an "introduction" into that philosophical foundation which, until Hegel, had a decisive influence upon traditional philosophy_ Consequently, it does not see its task in providing a survey of this whole complex of problems. Nor does it offer solutions to questions about difficult passages which have been the subject of two thousand years of Aristotelian scholarship_ Instead, it follows a definite path which might bring this Aristotelian science, the theory which seeks to determine being as being, on hei on, closer to the student of philosophy.


Download Introduction to Aristotle’s Theory of Being as Being PDF

Introduction to Aristotle’s Theory of Being as Being

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 9401010617
Pages : 62 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (1 Download)

Download Free Introduction to Aristotle’s Theory of Being as Being PDF by W. Marx Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 62 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Philosophy finds itself "between tradition and another beginning." 1 For this reason it seems necessary to reconsider the foundations of traditional philosophy in the hope that out of these considerations new questions may arise which may lead to a new philosophical foundation. To this end neither the large manual nor the monograph is well suited. What is required, instead, is to take a few steps which lead our thoughts directly into the problems of a given, traditional, philosophical foun dation. In this sense the present work wishes to provide an "introduction" into that philosophical foundation which, until Hegel, had a decisive influence upon traditional philosophy_ Consequently, it does not see its task in providing a survey of this whole complex of problems. Nor does it offer solutions to questions about difficult passages which have been the subject of two thousand years of Aristotelian scholarship_ Instead, it follows a definite path which might bring this Aristotelian science, the theory which seeks to determine being as being, on hei on, closer to the student of philosophy.


Download Semantik / Semantics PDF

Semantik / Semantics

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
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ISBN : 3110203367
Pages : 935 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (23 Download)

Download Free Semantik / Semantics PDF by Arnim von Stechow Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 1991-01-01 with total page 935 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: During the past 20 years the investigation into meaning of natural languages has emerged into one of the most active disciplines in theoretical linguistics. The different traditions of linguistics, philosophy of language and philosophical logic converged in the paradigm of truth conditional semantics, which now plays a central role in the cognitive sciences. From empirical research in particular languages more principal questions arise of how the speaker succeeds in expressing particular types of meaning by use of formal combination of signs. The theories developed to cope with the question assume that for a hearer, the meaning of a complex expression must be "computable", and therefore, modern theoretical semantics uses formal algebraic methods to construct the meaning compositionally in view of syntactic structur. Furthermore, meaning need to be "anchored" in the experience available to hearer. In order to deal with this, theoretical semantics extensivly uses the concept of truth conditions, which roughly explain how a world must be structured in order to be matched by certain linguistic expressions. Semantic analyses are complemented by context theory and the theory of speech acts. Thus, linguistic meaning must be related to human cognitive capacities, and therefore, theoretical semantics is tightly connected with philosophical logic as well as cognitive sciences in general. The aim of this handbook is to represent the body of theoretical knowledge which has evolved in the international research of the last two decades. Some of the theories can now be termed "classical" in that they belong to the commonly accepted base of theoretical semantics. Other theories are still disputed, and there areproblems still to be solved - as normal in a more developed science. The authors, who are leading experts in the field of semantics, try to balance the accepted and the questionable results. It goes without saying that each author hold a particular position in this respect. Some articles are written in English, some in German. Since semantics is considered to be a subfield of linguistics, the articles are arranged due to linguistic points of view. In the first 5 chapters (comprising 15 articles) the common principles of semantics are presented: ontological foundations of semantics, composition of meaning, problems of use (context, speech acts, and lexical base of meaning. The next 5 chapters (comprising 25 articles) are concerned with semantic phenomena, theories and problems which are specific for a particular class of linguistic expressions. These are arranged according to parts of speech: nouns, functional categories, verbs, adjectives and so on.This division does not reflect a theoretical position by itself, however it allows one to recognize problems connected with one another. Some more general questions are discussed in more than one article, in different perspective and vicinity. The Handbook is complemented by a service article on formal methods in semantics, followed by a comprehensive bibliography including about 1700 entries, and both a subject and a name index. This handbook is indispensable for all research in linguistics and neighboring disciplines (philosophy of language, cognitive sciences). Some of the articles can serve as basic literature for classes of advanced students.


Download Quantifying Aristotle PDF

Quantifying Aristotle

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Publisher : Medieval and Early Modern Phil
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ISBN : 9789004499829
Pages : 492 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (822 Download)

Download Free Quantifying Aristotle PDF by Daniel A. Di Liscia Full Book and published by Medieval and Early Modern Phil. This book was released on 2022 with total page 492 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Aristotelian philosophy is generally regarded as incompatible with the mathematical methods and principles that form the basis of modern science. This book offers an entirely new perspective on this presumed incompatibility. It surveys the tradition of the Oxford Calculators from its beginnings in the fourteenth century until Leibniz and the philosophy of the seventeenth century and explores how the Calculators' techniques of quantification expanded the conceptual and methodological limits of Aristotelianism. In the process, it examines a large number of authors, some of them never studied in this context. Exploring the relationship between various late medieval disciplines, the book sheds new light on the problem of continuity vs. discontinuity between scholasticism and modern science. Beyond its historiographical purpose, this book also hopes to be a source of inspiration for present-day philosophers of science"--


Download Aristotle's Modal Logic PDF

Aristotle's Modal Logic

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 9780521522335
Pages : 308 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (331 Download)

Download Free Aristotle's Modal Logic PDF by Richard Patterson Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2002-08-22 with total page 308 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Aristotle's Modal Logic, first published in 1995, presents an interpretation of Aristotle's logic by arguing that a proper understanding of the system depends on an appreciation of its connection to the metaphysics. Richard Patterson develops three striking theses in the book. First, there is a fundamental connection between Aristotle's logic of possibility and necessity, and his metaphysics, and that this connection extends far beyond the widely recognised tie to scientific demonstration and relates to the more basic distinction between the essential and accidental properties of a subject. Second, Aristotle's views on modal logic depend in very significant ways on his metaphysics without entailing any sacrifice in rigour. Third, once one has grasped the nature of the relationship, one can understand better certain genuine difficulties in the system of logic and appreciate its strengths in terms of the purposes for which it was created.


Download Aristotle PDF

Aristotle

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Publisher : Prabhat Prakashan
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ISBN :
Pages : 2280 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( Download)

Download Free Aristotle PDF by George Grote Full Book and published by Prabhat Prakashan. This book was released on 1927-01-01 with total page 2280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Articulating Medieval Logic PDF

Articulating Medieval Logic

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Publisher : OUP Oxford
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ISBN : 0191002658
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (2 Download)

Download Free Articulating Medieval Logic PDF by Terence Parsons Full Book and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2014-02-27 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Terence Parsons presents a new study of the development and logical complexity of medieval logic. Basic principles of logic were used by Aristotle to prove conversion principles and reduce syllogisms. Medieval logicians expanded Aristotle's notation in several ways, such as quantifying predicate terms, as in 'No donkey is every animal', and allowing singular terms to appear in predicate position, as in 'Not every donkey is Brownie'; with the enlarged notation come additional logical principles. The resulting system of logic is able to deal with relational expressions, as in De Morgan's puzzles about heads of horses. A crucial issue is a mechanism for dealing with anaphoric pronouns, as in 'Every woman loves her mother'. Parsons illuminates the ways in which medieval logic is as rich as contemporary first-order symbolic logic, though its full potential was not envisaged at the time. Along the way, he provides a detailed exposition and examination of the theory of modes of common personal supposition, and the useful principles of logic included with it. An appendix discusses the artificial signs introduced in the fifteenth century to alter quantifier scope.


Download Aristotle’s “Nicomachean Ethics” PDF

Aristotle’s “Nicomachean Ethics”

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Publisher : BRILL
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ISBN : 9047444809
Pages : 275 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (444 Download)

Download Free Aristotle’s “Nicomachean Ethics” PDF by Otfried Höffe Full Book and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2010-10-07 with total page 275 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Anyone interested in theories of moral or human practice will find in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics one of the few basic models relevant through to today. At the centre of his analysis, both sober and cautious, are such concepts as happiness, virtue, choice, prudence, incontinence, pleasure and friendship. Aristotle’s arguments are by no means of merely historical interest, but continue to exert a key influence on present-day ethical debate.


Download Aristotle's Modal Syllogistic PDF

Aristotle's Modal Syllogistic

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Publisher : Harvard University Press
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ISBN : 0674727541
Pages : 384 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (727 Download)

Download Free Aristotle's Modal Syllogistic PDF by Marko Malink Full Book and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 2013-11-01 with total page 384 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Aristotle was the founder not only of logic but also of modal logic. In the Prior Analytics he developed a complex system of modal syllogistic which, while influential, has been disputed since antiquity--and is today widely regarded as incoherent. Combining analytic rigor with keen sensitivity to historical context, Marko Malink makes clear that the modal syllogistic forms a consistent, integrated system of logic, one that is closely related to other areas of Aristotle's philosophy. Aristotle's modal syllogistic differs significantly from modern modal logic. Malink considers the key to understanding the Aristotelian version to be the notion of predication discussed in the Topics--specifically, its theory of predicables (definition, genus, differentia, proprium, and accident) and the ten categories (substance, quantity, quality, and so on). The predicables introduce a distinction between essential and nonessential predication. In contrast, the categories distinguish between substantial and nonsubstantial predication. Malink builds on these insights in developing a semantics for Aristotle's modal propositions, one that verifies the ancient philosopher's claims of the validity and invalidity of modal inferences. While it acknowledges some limitations of this reconstruction, Aristotle's Modal Syllogistic brims with bold ideas, richly supported by close readings of the Greek texts.


Download Aristotle ; By George Grote. Edited by Alexander Bain, LL. D., Professor and G. Croom Robertson, M. A. Professor. In Two Volumes PDF

Aristotle ; By George Grote. Edited by Alexander Bain, LL. D., Professor and G. Croom Robertson, M. A. Professor. In Two Volumes

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Pages : 502 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (813 Download)

Download Free Aristotle ; By George Grote. Edited by Alexander Bain, LL. D., Professor and G. Croom Robertson, M. A. Professor. In Two Volumes PDF by George Grote Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1872 with total page 502 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Institutes of Logic PDF

Institutes of Logic

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Pages : 572 pages
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Download Free Institutes of Logic PDF by John Veitch Full Book and published by . This book was released on 1885 with total page 572 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy PDF

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0192528335
Pages : 368 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (528 Download)

Download Free Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy PDF by Victor Caston Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017-08-11 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback. "'Have you seen the latest OSAP?' is what scholars of ancient philosophy say to each other when they meet in corridors or on coffee breaks. Whether you work on Plato or Aristotle, on Presocratics or sophists, on Stoics, Epicureans, or Sceptics, on Roman philosophers or Greek Neoplatonists, you are liable to find OSAP articles now dominant in the bibliography of much serious published work in your particular subject: not safe to miss." - Malcolm Schofield, Cambridge University "OSAP was founded to provide a place for long pieces on major issues in ancient philosophy. In the years since, it has fulfilled this role with great success, over and over again publishing groundbreaking papers on what seemed to be familiar topics and others surveying new ground to break. It represents brilliantly the vigour - and the increasingly broad scope - of scholarship in ancient philosophy, and shows us all how the subject should flourish." - M.M. McCabe, King's College London


Download Metaphysics and Grammar PDF

Metaphysics and Grammar

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Publisher : A&C Black
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ISBN : 1472579305
Pages : 241 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (579 Download)

Download Free Metaphysics and Grammar PDF by William Charlton Full Book and published by A&C Black. This book was released on 2014-05-08 with total page 241 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A study of the relation of metaphysics to grammar, placing the central topics of philosophy in an entirely new light.