Download Language and Logic PDF

Language and Logic

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
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ISBN : 9027279543
Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (279 Download)

Download Free Language and Logic PDF by Johan van der Auwera Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing. This book was released on 1985-01-01 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this volume Van der Auwera attempts to clarify the idea that language reflects both mind and reality and to elucidate the reflection idea by turning it into the cornerstone of a linguistic theory of meaning.


Download Knowledge, Language and Logic: Questions for Quine PDF

Knowledge, Language and Logic: Questions for Quine

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 9780792359869
Pages : 435 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (86 Download)

Download Free Knowledge, Language and Logic: Questions for Quine PDF by A. Orenstein Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2000-04-30 with total page 435 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Quine is one of the twentieth century's most important and influential philosophers. The essays in this collection are by some of the leading figures in their fields and they touch on the most recent turnings in Quine's work. The book also features an essay by Quine himself, and his replies to each of the papers. Questions are raised concerning Quine's views on knowledge: observation, holism, truth, naturalized epistemology; about language: meaning, the indeterminacy of translation, conjecture; and about the philosophy of logic: ontology, singular terms, vagueness, identity, and intensional contexts. Given Quine's preeminent position, this book must be of interest to students of philosophy in general, Quine aficionados, and most particularly to those working in the areas of epistemology, ontology, philosophies of language, of logic, and of science.


Download Logic, Language, and Meaning, Volume 1 PDF

Logic, Language, and Meaning, Volume 1

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Publisher : University of Chicago Press
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ISBN : 9780226280844
Pages : 296 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (845 Download)

Download Free Logic, Language, and Meaning, Volume 1 PDF by L. T. F. Gamut Full Book and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 1991 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Although the two volumes of Logic, Language, and Meaning can be used independently of one another, together they provide a comprehensive overview of modern logic as it is used as a tool in the analysis of natural language. Both volumes provide exercises and their solutions. Volume 1, Introduction to Logic, begins with a historical overview and then offers a thorough introduction to standard propositional and first-order predicate logic. It provides both a syntactic and a semantic approach to inference and validity, and discusses their relationship. Although language and meaning receive special attention, this introduction is also accessible to those with a more general interest in logic. In addition, the volume contains a survey of such topics as definite descriptions, restricted quantification, second-order logic, and many-valued logic. The pragmatic approach to non-truthconditional and conventional implicatures are also discussed. Finally, the relation between logic and formal syntax is treated, and the notions of rewrite rule, automation, grammatical complexity, and language hierarchy are explained.


Download Language, Form, and Logic PDF

Language, Form, and Logic

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0192677632
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (677 Download)

Download Free Language, Form, and Logic PDF by Peter Ludlow Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2022-02-24 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book takes an idea first explored by medieval logicians 800 years ago and revisits it armed with the tools of contemporary linguistics, logic, and computer science. The idea - the Holy Grail of the medieval logicians - was the thought that all of logic could be reduced to two very simple rules that are sensitive to logical polarity (for example, the presence and absence of negations). Ludlow and Živanović pursue this idea and show how it has profound consequences for our understanding of the nature of human inferential capacities. They also show its consequences for some of the deepest issues in contemporary linguistics, including the nature of quantification, puzzles about discourse anaphora and pragmatics, and even insights into the source of aboutness in natural language. The key to their enterprise is a formal relation they call "p-scope" - a polarity-sensitive relation that controls the operations that can be carried out in their Dynamic Deductive System. They show that with p-scope in play, deductions can be carried out using sublogical operations like those they call COPY and PRUNE - operations that are simple syntactic operations on sentences. They prove that the resulting deductive system is complete and sound. The result is a beautiful formal tapestry in which p-scope unlocks important properties of natural language, including the property of "restrictedness," which they prove to be equivalent to the semantic notion of conservativity. More than that, they show that restrictedness is also a key to understanding quantification and discourse anaphora, and many other linguistic phenomena.


Download Language, Truth and Logic PDF

Language, Truth and Logic

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Publisher : Courier Corporation
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ISBN : 0486113094
Pages : 160 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (113 Download)

Download Free Language, Truth and Logic PDF by Alfred Jules Ayer Full Book and published by Courier Corporation. This book was released on 2012-04-18 with total page 160 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "A delightful book … I should like to have written it myself." — Bertrand Russell First published in 1936, this first full-length presentation in English of the Logical Positivism of Carnap, Neurath, and others has gone through many printings to become a classic of thought and communication. It not only surveys one of the most important areas of modern thought; it also shows the confusion that arises from imperfect understanding of the uses of language. A first-rate antidote for fuzzy thought and muddled writing, this remarkable book has helped philosophers, writers, speakers, teachers, students, and general readers alike. Mr. Ayers sets up specific tests by which you can easily evaluate statements of ideas. You will also learn how to distinguish ideas that cannot be verified by experience — those expressing religious, moral, or aesthetic experience, those expounding theological or metaphysical doctrine, and those dealing with a priori truth. The basic thesis of this work is that philosophy should not squander its energies upon the unknowable, but should perform its proper function in criticism and analysis.


Download Programming Language Implementation and Logic Programming PDF

Programming Language Implementation and Logic Programming

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 9783540584025
Pages : 468 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (21 Download)

Download Free Programming Language Implementation and Logic Programming PDF by Manuel Hermenegildo Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 1994-08-24 with total page 468 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Programming Language Implementation and Logic Programming (PLILP '94), held in Madrid, Spain in September 1994. The volume contains 27 full research papers selected from 67 submissions as well as abstracts of full versions of 3 invited talks by renowned researchers and abstracts of 11 system demonstrations and poster presentations. Among the topics covered are parallelism and concurrency; implementation techniques; partial evaluation, synthesis, and language issues; constraint programming; meta-programming and program transformation; functional-logic programming; and program analysis and abstract interpretation.


Download Programming Language Implementation and Logic Programming PDF

Programming Language Implementation and Logic Programming

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 9783540530107
Pages : 401 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (1 Download)

Download Free Programming Language Implementation and Logic Programming PDF by Pierre Deransart Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 1990-08-08 with total page 401 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume consists of the papers accepted for presentation at the second international workshop on Programming Language Implementation and Logic Programming (PLILP '90) held in Linköping, Sweden, August 20-22, 1990. The aim of the workshop was to identify concepts and techniques used both in implementation of programming languages, regardless of the underlying programming paradigm, and in logic programming. The intention was to bring together researchers working in these fields. The volume includes 26 selected papers falling into two categories. Papers in the first category present certain ideas from the point of view of a particular class of programming languages, or even a particular language. The ideas presented seem to be applicable in other classes of languages. Papers in the second category directly address the problem of integration of various programming paradigms. The proceedings of the predecessor workshop PLILP '88, held in Orléans, France, May 16-18, 1988, are available as Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 348.


Download Interfaces: Explorations in Logic, Language and Computation PDF

Interfaces: Explorations in Logic, Language and Computation

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 3642147291
Pages : 167 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (147 Download)

Download Free Interfaces: Explorations in Logic, Language and Computation PDF by Thomas Icard Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2010-07-27 with total page 167 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI) takes place every year, each time at a di?erent location in Europe. With its focus on the largeinterdisciplinaryareawhere linguistics,logic andcomputation converge, it has become very popular since it started in 1989, attracting large crowds of students. ESSLLI is where everyone in the ?eld meets, teaches, takes courses, gives talks, dances all night, and generally has a good time. One of the enjoyable features of the School is its recurring Student Session, organized by students along the lines of a conference. The speakers are students too, who are eager to get a chance to present their work. They face sti? com- tition to get their talks accepted, as the number of papers that is sent in each year is high and acceptance rates low. In my experience many of the selected talks contain fresh and surprising insights and are a pleasure to attend. But the reader may judge the quality of the Student Session for himself, as this volume contains a selection of papers from its 2008 and 2009 installments, the ?rstheld in Hamburg,the secondin Bordeaux.The book is divided into four parts.


Download Quantifiers, Quantifiers, and Quantifiers: Themes in Logic, Metaphysics, and Language PDF

Quantifiers, Quantifiers, and Quantifiers: Themes in Logic, Metaphysics, and Language

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN : 3319183621
Pages : 526 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (183 Download)

Download Free Quantifiers, Quantifiers, and Quantifiers: Themes in Logic, Metaphysics, and Language PDF by Alessandro Torza Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2015-07-23 with total page 526 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume covers a wide range of topics that fall under the 'philosophy of quantifiers', a philosophy that spans across multiple areas such as logic, metaphysics, epistemology and even the history of philosophy. It discusses the import of quantifier variance in the model theory of mathematics. It advances an argument for the uniqueness of quantifier meaning in terms of Evert Beth’s notion of implicit definition and clarifies the oldest explicit formulation of quantifier variance: the one proposed by Rudolf Carnap. The volume further examines what it means that a quantifier can have multiple meanings and addresses how existential vagueness can induce vagueness in our modal notions. Finally, the book explores the role played by quantifiers with respect to various kinds of semantic paradoxes, the logicality issue, ontological commitment, and the behavior of quantifiers in intensional contexts.


Download Language Mind and Logic PDF

Language Mind and Logic

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN : 9780521320467
Pages : 232 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (461 Download)

Download Free Language Mind and Logic PDF by Butterfield Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 1986-05-22 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is a collection of eleven original essays in analytical philosophy by British and American philosophers, centring on the connection between mind and language. Two themes predominate: how it is that thoughts and sentences can represent the world; and what having a thought - a belief, for instance - involves. Developing from these themes are the questions: what does having a belief require of the believer, and of the way he or she relates to the environment? In particular, does having a belief require speaking a language? The volume concludes the informal series stemming from the meetings sponsored by the Thyssen Foundation. It will interest analytical philosophers, students doing courses in philosophy of mind within the analytical tradition and philosophically interested researchers in cognitive psychology.


Download Reasoning, Necessity, and Logic PDF

Reasoning, Necessity, and Logic

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Publisher : Psychology Press
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ISBN : 1134735146
Pages : 350 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (735 Download)

Download Free Reasoning, Necessity, and Logic PDF by Willis F. Overton Full Book and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2013-05-13 with total page 350 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A presentation of current work that systematically explores and articulates the nature, origin and development of reasoning, this volume's primary aim is to describe and examine contemporary theory and research findings on the topic of deductive reasoning. Many contributors believe concepts such as "structure," "competence," and "mental logic" are necessary features for a complete understanding of reasoning. As the book emanates from a Jean Piaget Symposium, his theory of intellectual development as the standard contemporary treatment of deductive reasoning is used as the context in which the contributors elaborate on their own perceptions.


Download Puzzles in Logic, Languages and Computation PDF

Puzzles in Logic, Languages and Computation

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 3642343783
Pages : 178 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (343 Download)

Download Free Puzzles in Logic, Languages and Computation PDF by Dragomir Radev Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-02-11 with total page 178 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is the first volume of a unique collection that brings together the best English-language problems created for students competing in the Computational Linguistics Olympiad. These problems are representative of the diverse areas presented in the competition and designed with three principles in mind: · To challenge the student analytically, without requiring any explicit knowledge or experience in linguistics or computer science; · To expose the student to the different kinds of reasoning required when encountering a new phenomenon in a language, both as a theoretical topic and as an applied problem; · To foster the natural curiosity students have about the workings of their own language, as well as to introduce them to the beauty and structure of other languages; · To learn about the models and techniques used by computers to understand human language. Aside from being a fun intellectual challenge, the Olympiad mimics the skills used by researchers and scholars in the field of computational linguistics. In an increasingly global economy where businesses operate across borders and languages, having a strong pool of computational linguists is a competitive advantage, and an important component to both security and growth in the 21st century. This collection of problems is a wonderful general introduction to the field of linguistics through the analytic problem solving technique. "A fantastic collection of problems for anyone who is curious about how human language works! These books take serious scientific questions and present them in a fun, accessible way. Readers exercise their logical thinking capabilities while learning about a wide range of human languages, linguistic phenomena, and computational models. " - Kevin Knight, USC Information Sciences Institute


Download Handbook of Logic and Language PDF

Handbook of Logic and Language

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Publisher : Elsevier
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ISBN : 9780444537270
Pages : 1168 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (279 Download)

Download Free Handbook of Logic and Language PDF by Johan F.A.K. van Benthem Full Book and published by Elsevier. This book was released on 2010-12-17 with total page 1168 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The logical study of language is becoming more interdisciplinary, playing a role in fields such as computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science and game theory. This new edition, written by the leading experts in the field, presents an overview of the latest developments at the interface of logic and linguistics as well as a historical perspective. It is divided into three parts covering Frameworks, General Topics and Descriptive Themes. Completely revised and updated - includes over 25% new material Discusses the interface between logic and language Many of the authors are creators or active developers of the theories


Download Language, Truth, and Logic PDF

Language, Truth, and Logic

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Publisher : Courier Corporation
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ISBN : 0486200108
Pages : 160 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (2 Download)

Download Free Language, Truth, and Logic PDF by Alfred Jules Ayer Full Book and published by Courier Corporation. This book was released on 1952-01-01 with total page 160 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A dissertation in the tradition of logical positivism includes a discussion of the functions and methods of philosophy and a critique of ethics and theology


Download Monotonicity in Logic and Language PDF

Monotonicity in Logic and Language

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN : 3662628430
Pages : 239 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (628 Download)

Download Free Monotonicity in Logic and Language PDF by Dun Deng Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-12-16 with total page 239 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second Interdisciplinary Workshop on Logic, Language, and Meaning, TLLM 2020, held in Tsinghua, China, in December 2020. The 12 full papers together presented were fully reviewed and selected from 40 submissions. Due to COVID-19 the workshop will be held online. The workshop covers a wide range of topics where monotonicity is discussed in the context of logic, causality, belief revision, quantification, polarity, syntax, comparatives, and various semantic phenomena in particular languages.


Download Aristotelian Logic and the Arabic Language in Alfarabi PDF

Aristotelian Logic and the Arabic Language in Alfarabi

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Publisher : SUNY Press
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ISBN : 9780791403976
Pages : 201 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (971 Download)

Download Free Aristotelian Logic and the Arabic Language in Alfarabi PDF by Shukri Abed Full Book and published by SUNY Press. This book was released on 1991-01-01 with total page 201 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores the reaction of tenth-century Arab philosopher Abu Nasr Alfarabi to the logical works of Aristotle. From numerous short treatises the author develops a systematic and comprehensive topical survey of Alfara bi's logical writings. The book is divided into two major parts: language as a tool of logic (Chapters 1-5) and logic as a tool with which to analyze language (Chapter 6). The first five chapters deal with Alfarabi's analysis of the meanings of various terms as they are used in logic and philosophy. Alfarabi refutes the Arab grammarians who claimed that Arab logicians were building a language within a language and shows that the philosophical meanings of terms are in fact their most original and essential meanings. The final chapter deals with Alfarabi's analysis of certain aspects of the Arabic language (such as copula) and demonstrates that Arabic, like any natural language, conforms to universal logical structures of which natural languages are only a concrete expression.


Download Foundations of Logico-Linguistics PDF

Foundations of Logico-Linguistics

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN : 9400998201
Pages : 250 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (998 Download)

Download Free Foundations of Logico-Linguistics PDF by W.S. Cooper Full Book and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 250 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In 1962 a mimeographed sheet of paper fell into my possession. It had been prepared by Ernest Adams of the Philosophy Department at Berkeley as a handout for a colloquim. Headed 'SOME FALLACIES OF FORMAL LOGIC' it simply listed eleven little pieces of reasoning, all in ordinary English, and all absurd. I still have the sheet, and quote a couple of the arguments here to give the idea. • If you throw switch S and switch T, the motor will start. There fore, either if you throw switch S the motor will start, or, if you throw switch T the motor will start . • It is not the case that if John passes history he will graduate. Therefore, John will pass history. The disconcerting thing about these inferences is, of course, that under the customary truth-functional interpretation of and, or, not, and if-then, they are supposed to be valid. What, if anything, is wrong? At first I was not disturbed by the examples. Having at that time consider able personal commitment to rationality in general and formal logic in par ticular, I felt it my duty and found myself easily able (or so I thought) to explain away most of them. But on reflection I had to admit that my expla nations had an ad hoc character, varying suspiciously from example to example.