Download The Evolution of Earth's Climate PDF

The Evolution of Earth's Climate

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN : 1119407060
Pages : 302 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (47 Download)

Download Free The Evolution of Earth's Climate PDF by J. O. Robertson Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2018-07-03 with total page 302 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Written by a group of the most experienced and well-known environmental engineers in the world, from a unique perspective, this volume explores the hot-button issue of climate change, its causes, and the future of the planet. Climate change is one of the most controversial and argued issues in the world today, and it has been for years. It has been politicized by politicians on all sides, some scientists have used the study of it for their own material gain above true scientific discovery, and some scientific theories surrounding it have been believed even though proven false. But there is not, by any means, complete agreement among all scientists throughout the world on this issue. Written by two of the world's most well-respected environmental and petroleum engineers, this book is meant to be one voice in the scientific literature on this important subject. Other books, also available from Wiley-Scrivener, take the opposite stance, but it is important, in our scientific journey, to listen to all voices and rely on facts, rather than opinions. We trust the reader to make his or her decisions based on all of the facts, and not just some of them.


Download Earth's Climate Evolution PDF

Earth's Climate Evolution

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN : 1118897390
Pages : 412 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (897 Download)

Download Free Earth's Climate Evolution PDF by Colin P. Summerhayes Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2015-10-19 with total page 412 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: To understand climate change today, we first need to know how Earth’s climate changed over the past 450 million years. Finding answers depends upon contributions from a wide range of sciences, not just the rock record uncovered by geologists. In Earth’s Climate Evolution, Colin Summerhayes analyzes reports and records of past climate change dating back to the late 18th century to uncover key patterns in the climate system. The book will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about future climate change. The book takes a unique approach to the subject providing a description of the greenhouse and icehouse worlds of the past 450 million years since land plants emerged, ignoring major earlier glaciations like that of Snowball Earth, which occurred around 600 million years ago in a world free of land plants. It describes the evolution of thinking in palaeoclimatology and introduces the main players in the field and how their ideas were received and, in many cases, subsequently modified. It records the arguments and discussions about the merits of different ideas along the way. It also includes several notes made from the author’s own personal involvement in palaeoclimatological and palaeoceanographic studies, and from his experience of working alongside several of the major players in these fields in recent years. This book will be an invaluable reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in related fields and will also be of interest to historians of science and/or geology, climatology and oceanography. It should also be of interest to the wider scientific and engineering community, high school science students, policy makers, and environmental NGOs. Reviews: "Outstanding in its presentation of the facts and a good read in the way that it intersperses the climate story with the author's own experiences. [This book] puts the climate story into a compelling geological history." -Dr. James Baker "The book is written in very clear and concise prose, [and takes] original, enlightening, and engaging approach to talking about 'ideas' from the perspective of the scientists who promoted them." -Professor Christopher R. Scotese "A thrilling ride through continental drift and its consequences." - Professor Gerald R. North "Written in a style and language which can be easily understood by laymen as well as scientists." - Professor Dr Jörn Thiede "What makes this book particularly distinctive is how well it builds in the narrative of change in ideas over time." - Holocene book reviews, May 2016 "This is a fascinating book and the author’s biographical approach gives it great human appeal." - E Adlard


Download Earth's Climate Evolution PDF

Earth's Climate Evolution

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN : 1118897374
Pages : 416 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (897 Download)

Download Free Earth's Climate Evolution PDF by C. P. Summerhayes Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2015-07-13 with total page 416 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: To understand climate change today, we first need to know how Earth’s climate changed over the past 450 million years. Finding answers depends upon contributions from a wide range of sciences, not just the rock record uncovered by geologists. In Earth’s Climate Evolution, Colin Summerhayes analyzes reports and records of past climate change dating back to the late 18th century to uncover key patterns in the climate system. The book will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about future climate change. The book takes a unique approach to the subject providing a description of the greenhouse and icehouse worlds of the past 450 million years since land plants emerged, ignoring major earlier glaciations like that of Snowball Earth, which occurred around 600 million years ago in a world free of land plants. It describes the evolution of thinking in palaeoclimatology and introduces the main players in the field and how their ideas were received and, in many cases, subsequently modified. It records the arguments and discussions about the merits of different ideas along the way. It also includes several notes made from the author’s own personal involvement in palaeoclimatological and palaeoceanographic studies, and from his experience of working alongside several of the major players in these fields in recent years. This book will be an invaluable reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in related fields and will also be of interest to historians of science and/or geology, climatology and oceanography. It should also be of interest to the wider scientific and engineering community, high school science students, policy makers, and environmental NGOs. Reviews: "Outstanding in its presentation of the facts and a good read in the way that it intersperses the climate story with the author's own experiences. [This book] puts the climate story into a compelling geological history." -Dr. James Baker "The book is written in very clear and concise prose, [and takes] original, enlightening, and engaging approach to talking about 'ideas' from the perspective of the scientists who promoted them." -Professor Christopher R. Scotese "A thrilling ride through continental drift and its consequences." - Professor Gerald R. North "Written in a style and language which can be easily understood by laymen as well as scientists." - Professor Dr Jörn Thiede "What makes this book particularly distinctive is how well it builds in the narrative of change in ideas over time." - Holocene book reviews, May 2016 "This is a fascinating book and the author’s biographical approach gives it great human appeal." - E Adlard


Download Earth, Our Living Planet PDF

Earth, Our Living Planet

Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN : 3030677737
Pages : 572 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (677 Download)

Download Free Earth, Our Living Planet PDF by Philippe Bertrand Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-04-21 with total page 572 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Earth is, to our knowledge, the only life-bearing body in the Solar System. This extraordinary characteristic dates back almost 4 billion years. How to explain that Earth is teeming with organisms and that this has lasted for so long? What makes Earth different from its sister planets Mars and Venus? The habitability of a planet is its capacity to allow the emergence of organisms. What astronomical and geological conditions concurred to make Earth habitable 4 billion years ago, and how has it remained habitable since? What have been the respective roles of non-biological and biological characteristics in maintaining the habitability of Earth? This unique book answers the above questions by considering the roles of organisms and ecosystems in the Earth System, which is made of the non-living and living components of the planet. Organisms have progressively occupied all the habitats of the planet, diversifying into countless life forms and developing enormous biomasses over the past 3.6 billion years. In this way, organisms and ecosystems "took over" the Earth System, and thus became major agents in its regulation and global evolution. There was co-evolution of the different components of the Earth System, leading to a number of feedback mechanisms that regulated long-term Earth conditions. For millennia, and especially since the Industrial Revolution nearly 300 years ago, humans have gradually transformed the Earth System. Technological developments combined with the large increase in human population have led, in recent decades, to major changes in the Earth's climate, soils, biodiversity and quality of air and water. After some successes in the 20th century at preventing internationally environmental disasters, human societies are now facing major challenges arising from climate change. Some of these challenges are short-term and others concern the thousand-year evolution of the Earth's climate. Humans should become the stewards of Earth.


Download The Emerald Planet PDF

The Emerald Planet

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0192529781
Pages : 416 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (529 Download)

Download Free The Emerald Planet PDF by David Beerling Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017-05-12 with total page 416 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Plants have profoundly moulded the Earth's climate and the evolutionary trajectory of life. Far from being 'silent witnesses to the passage of time', plants are dynamic components of our world, shaping the environment throughout history as much as that environment has shaped them. In The Emerald Planet, David Beerling puts plants centre stage, revealing the crucial role they have played in driving global changes in the environment, in recording hidden facets of Earth's history, and in helping us to predict its future. His account draws together evidence from fossil plants, from experiments with their living counterparts, and from computer models of the 'Earth System', to illuminate the history of our planet and its biodiversity. This new approach reveals how plummeting carbon dioxide levels removed a barrier to the evolution of the leaf; how plants played a starring role in pushing oxygen levels upwards, allowing spectacular giant insects to thrive in the Carboniferous; and it strengthens fascinating and contentious fossil evidence for an ancient hole in the ozone layer. Along the way, Beerling introduces a lively cast of pioneering scientists from Victorian times onwards whose discoveries provided the crucial background to these and the other puzzles. This understanding of our planet's past sheds a sobering light on our own climate-changing activities, and offers clues to what our climatic and ecological futures might look like. There could be no more important time to take a close look at plants, and to understand the history of the world through the stories they tell. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.


Download Global Warming and Global Cooling PDF

Global Warming and Global Cooling

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Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780444528155
Pages : 313 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (156 Download)

Download Free Global Warming and Global Cooling PDF by O. G. Sorokhtin Full Book and published by Elsevier Science Limited. This book was released on 2007 with total page 313 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The theory of the Earth's climate evolution based on universal chemical-physical laws of matter-energy transformation is presented in the book. It shows how the process of Earth's core separation has led to formation and evolution of the hydrosphere and atmosphere. Having analyzed the processes of heat transfer in the atmosphere, the writers developed the adiabatic theory of the greenhouse effect, which was applied for analysis of climatic changes on the Earth. The influence of changes in climate on formation of mineral deposits and development of life on Earth was considered and presented based on modeling of typical climatic regimes. It shows that the anthropogenic effect on the Earth's global temperature is negligible in comparison with the effect of global forces of nature. * Presents the theory of Earth's evolution based on the laws of chemical-density differentiation of the origin of the Earth * Discusses the adiabatic theory of the greenhouse effect with quantitative estimates of the natural and anthropogenic influences on Earth's climates * Describes the quantitative description of the evolution of the Earth's climate throughout geologic history and prediction of the future of the Earth's climate * Investigates the global forces of nature driving the Earth's climate


Download A Brief History of the Earth's Climate PDF

A Brief History of the Earth's Climate

Author :
Publisher : New Society Publishers
Release Date :
ISBN : 177142348X
Pages : 208 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (423 Download)

Download Free A Brief History of the Earth's Climate PDF by Steven Earle Full Book and published by New Society Publishers. This book was released on 2021-10-11 with total page 208 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What's natural, what's caused by humans, and why climate change is a disaster for all A Brief History of the Earth's Climate is an accessible myth-busting guide to the natural evolution of the Earth's climate over 4.6 billion years, and how and why human-caused global warming and climate change is different and much more dangerous. Richly illustrated chapters cover the major historical climate change processes including evolution of the sun, plate motions and continental collisions, volcanic eruptions, changes to major ocean currents, Earth's orbital variations, sunspot variations, and short-term ocean current cycles. As well as recent human-induced climate change and an overview of the implications of the COVID pandemic for climate change. Content includes: Understanding natural geological processes that shaped the climate How human impacts are now rapidly changing the climate Tipping points and the unfolding climate crisis What we can do to limit the damage to the planet and ecosystems Countering climate myths peddled by climate change science deniers. A Brief History of the Earth's Climate is essential reading for everyone who is looking to understand what drives climate change, counter skeptics and deniers, and take action on the climate emergency.


Download Climate Change PDF

Climate Change

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN : 1118708512
Pages : 418 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (78 Download)

Download Free Climate Change PDF by Marie-Antoinette Mélières Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2015-05-04 with total page 418 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is designed for first- and second-year university students (and their instructors) in earth science, environmental science, and physical geography degree programmes worldwide. The summaries at the end of each section constitute essential reading for policy makers and planners. It provides a simple but masterly account, with a minimum of equations, of how the Earth’s climate system works, of the physical processes that have given rise to the long sequence of glacial and interglacial periods of the Quaternary, and that will continue to cause the climate to evolve. Its straightforward and elegant description, with an abundance of well chosen illustrations, focuses on different time scales, and includes the most recent research in climate science by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It shows how it is human behaviour that will determine whether or not the present century is a turning point to a new climate, unprecedented on Earth in the last several million years.


Download Reconstructing Earth's Climate History PDF

Reconstructing Earth's Climate History

Author :
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN : 1119544114
Pages : 567 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (544 Download)

Download Free Reconstructing Earth's Climate History PDF by Kristen St. John Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2021-10-05 with total page 567 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Reconstructing Earth’s Climate History There has never been a more critical time for students to understand the record of Earth’s climate history, as well as the relevance of that history to understanding Earth’s present and likely future climate. There also has never been a more critical time for students, as well as the public-at-large, to understand how we know, as much as what we know, in science. This book addresses these needs by placing you, the student, at the center of learning. In this book, you will actively use inquiry-based explorations of authentic scientific data to develop skills that are essential in all disciplines: making observations, developing and testing hypotheses, reaching conclusions based on the available data, recognizing and acknowledging uncertainty in scientific data and scientific conclusions, and communicating your results to others. The context for understanding global climate change today lies in the records of Earth’s past, as preserved in archives such as sediments and sedimentary rocks on land and on the seafloor, as well as glacial ice, corals, speleothems, and tree rings. These archives have been studied for decades by geoscientists and paleoclimatologists. Much like detectives, these researchers work to reconstruct what happened in the past, as well as when and how it happened, based on the often-incomplete and indirect records of those events preserved in these archives. This book uses guided-inquiry to build your knowledge of foundational concepts needed to interpret such archives. Foundational concepts include: interpreting the environmental meaning of sediment composition, determining ages of geologic materials and events (supported by a new section on radiometric dating), and understanding the role of CO2 in Earth’s climate system, among others. Next, this book provides the opportunity for you to apply your foundational knowledge to a collection of paleoclimate case studies. The case studies consider: long-term climate trends, climate cycles, major and/or abrupt episodes of global climate change, and polar paleoclimates. New sections on sea level change in the past and future, climate change and life, and climate change and civilization expand the book’s examination of the causes and effects of Earth’s climate history. In using this book, we hope you gain new knowledge, new skills, and greater confidence in making sense of the causes and consequences of climate change. Our goal is that science becomes more accessible to you. Enjoy the challenge and the reward of working with scientific data and results! Reconstructing Earth’s Climate History, Second Edition, is an essential purchase for geoscience students at a variety of levels studying paleoclimatology, paleoceanography, oceanography, historical geology, global change, Quaternary science and Earth-system science.


Download Origin and Evolution of Earth PDF

Origin and Evolution of Earth

Author :
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309117178
Pages : 151 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (117 Download)

Download Free Origin and Evolution of Earth PDF by National Research Council Full Book and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2008-09-04 with total page 151 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Questions about the origin and nature of Earth and the life on it have long preoccupied human thought and the scientific endeavor. Deciphering the planet's history and processes could improve the ability to predict catastrophes like earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, to manage Earth's resources, and to anticipate changes in climate and geologic processes. At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Science Foundation, and U.S. Geological Survey, the National Research Council assembled a committee to propose and explore grand questions in geological and planetary science. This book captures, in a series of questions, the essential scientific challenges that constitute the frontier of Earth science at the start of the 21st century.


Download Climate Change PDF

Climate Change

Author :
Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Release Date :
ISBN : 1508168830
Pages : 26 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (168 Download)

Download Free Climate Change PDF by Jade Zora Scibilia Full Book and published by The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. This book was released on 2018-12-15 with total page 26 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Earth's temperature is on the rise, and the effects are being felt around the world. As our planet warms, its weather and environments are changing. Many plants and animals aren't adapting to these changes fast enough. This book examines the causes and effects of climate change and discusses how people and animals are dealing with a warmer planet. Full-color photographs and primary sources add depth and help students connect with the text. After reading this book, students will be inspired to live more ecofriendly lives.


Download Climate Change and Life on Earth PDF

Climate Change and Life on Earth

Author :
Publisher : Lerner Publications ™
Release Date :
ISBN : 1541551583
Pages : 32 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (551 Download)

Download Free Climate Change and Life on Earth PDF by Chinwe Onuoha Full Book and published by Lerner Publications ™. This book was released on 2019-01-01 with total page 32 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Animals and plants all over the world are struggling to survive. Their food supply is decreasing, and their habitats are shrinking. Is climate change to blame? Discover how climate change affects all Earth's living creatures. Find out what scientists are doing to save plant and animal species, and learn more about how you can help.


Download Climate Change: PDF

Climate Change:

Author :
Publisher : Essential Library
Release Date :
ISBN : 9781624035586
Pages : 112 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (582 Download)

Download Free Climate Change: PDF by Carol Hand Full Book and published by Essential Library. This book was released on 2014-12-15 with total page 112 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Presents information on the history of climate change, including how early studies of greenhouse gases and climate models led to the modern understanding of Earth's climate and the scientists who made these advances possible.


Download 50 FAQs on Climate Change PDF

50 FAQs on Climate Change

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Publisher : The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
Release Date :
ISBN : 8179935396
Pages : 60 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (935 Download)

Download Free 50 FAQs on Climate Change PDF by Swati Prabhu Full Book and published by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI). This book was released on 2014-01-01 with total page 60 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Why are the winters getting colder? How will India be impacted by climate change? What are the various sources of CO2 emissions? When did we first learn about man?s role in climate change? How will climate change impact human health? What is the Montreal Protocol? What can you do to tackle climate change? Know the answers to these, and 43 more frequently asked questions, on climate change, its various aspects, and impacts. Other titles in this series: 50 FAQs on Air Pollution (ISBN: 9788179934531) 50 FAQS on Global Warming (ISBN: 9788179934524) 50 FAQs on Renewable Energy (ISBN: 9788179935415) 50 FAQs on Waste Management (ISBN: 9788179935408) 50 FAQs on Water Pollution (ISBN: 9788179934593)


Download Earth's Climate PDF

Earth's Climate

Author :
Publisher : W. H. Freeman
Release Date :
ISBN : 9781429255257
Pages : 464 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (25 Download)

Download Free Earth's Climate PDF by William F. Ruddiman Full Book and published by W. H. Freeman. This book was released on 2013-10-01 with total page 464 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: At a time when the evidence is stronger than ever that human activity is the primary cause for global climate change, William Ruddiman's breakthrough text returns in a thoroughly updated new edition. It offers a clear, engaging, objective portrait of the current state of climate science, including compelling recent findings on anthropogenic global warming and important advances in understanding past climates.


Download Climate Change PDF

Climate Change

Author :
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date :
ISBN : 0444635351
Pages : 632 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (635 Download)

Download Free Climate Change PDF by Trevor M. Letcher Full Book and published by Elsevier. This book was released on 2015-09-19 with total page 632 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Earth's climate is always changing. As the debate over the Earth's climate has grown, the term "climate change" has come to refer primarily to changes we've seen over recent years and those that are predicted to be coming, mainly as a result of human behavior. Climate Change: Observed Impacts on Planet Earth, Second Edition, serves as a broad, accessible guide to the science behind this often political and heated debate by providing scientific detail and evidence in language that is clear to both the climatologist and the non-specialist. The book contains 35 chapters on all scientific aspects of climate change, written by the world's authority of each particular subject. It collects the latest information on all of these topics in one volume. In this way, readers can make connections between the various topics covered in the book, leading to new ways of solving problems and looking at related issues. The book also contains major references and details for further research and understanding on all issues related to climate change, giving a clear indication of a looming crisis in global warming and climate change. Provides an up-to-date account of the current understanding of climate change and global warming Includes 23 updated chapters and 12 new chapters Includes coverage on modeling climate change, geological history of climate change, and on engineering aspects of climate change Written by the world’s leading experts on the issues related to climate change


Download Save Planet Earth PDF

Save Planet Earth

Author :
Publisher : The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
Release Date :
ISBN : 8179931463
Pages : 46 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (931 Download)

Download Free Save Planet Earth PDF by Agarwal Tanya Luther Full Book and published by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI). This book was released on 2008-01-01 with total page 46 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The red alert has been sounded! Our planet?s climate is changing, and for the worse. All living things on earth are in danger. Know Climate Change tells you everything you wanted to know about global warming. It reveals the impact of the increase in greenhouse gases, pollution, and disappearing forests on everyone around the world. Find out why it is important to know about climate change and how we can prevent it. Saving the earth is the smartest thing we can do!