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Conservation and the Genomics of Populations

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0192598570
Pages : 624 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (598 Download)

Download Free Conservation and the Genomics of Populations PDF by Fred W. Allendorf Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2022-02-10 with total page 624 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The relentless loss of biodiversity is among the greatest problems facing the world today. The third edition of this established textbook provides an updated and comprehensive overview of the essential background, concepts, and tools required to understand how genetics can be used to conserve species, reduce threat of extinction, and manage species of ecological or commercial importance. This edition is thoroughly revised to reflect the major contribution of genomics to conservation of populations and species. It includes two new chapters: "Genetic Monitoring" and a final "Conservation Genetics in Practice" chapter that addresses the role of science and policy in conservation genetics. New genomic techniques and statistical analyses are crucial tools for the conservation geneticist. This accessible and authoritative textbook provides an essential toolkit grounded in population genetics theory, coupled with basic and applied research examples from plants, animals, and microbes. The book examines genetic and phenotypic variation in natural populations, the principles and mechanisms of evolutionary change, evolutionary response to anthropogenic change, and applications in conservation and management. Conservation and the Genomics of Populations helps demystify genetics and genomics for conservation practitioners and early career scientists, so that population genetic theory and new genomic data can help raise the bar in conserving biodiversity in the most critical 20 year period in the history of life on Earth. It is aimed at a global market of applied population geneticists, conservation practitioners, and natural resource managers working for wildlife and habitat management agencies. It will be of particular relevance and use to upper undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in conservation biology, conservation genetics, and wildlife management.


Download Conservation and the Genetics of Populations PDF

Conservation and the Genetics of Populations

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN : 1118408578
Pages : 632 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (48 Download)

Download Free Conservation and the Genetics of Populations PDF by Fred W. Allendorf Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2012-10-05 with total page 632 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Loss of biodiversity is among the greatest problems facing theworld today. Conservation and the Genetics of Populationsgives a comprehensive overview of the essential background,concepts, and tools needed to understand how genetic informationcan be used to conserve species threatened with extinction, and tomanage species of ecological or commercial importance. Newmolecular techniques, statistical methods, and computer programs,genetic principles, and methods are becoming increasingly useful inthe conservation of biological diversity. Using a balance of dataand theory, coupled with basic and applied research examples, thisbook examines genetic and phenotypic variation in naturalpopulations, the principles and mechanisms of evolutionary change,the interpretation of genetic data from natural populations, andhow these can be applied to conservation. The book includesexamples from plants, animals, and microbes in wild and captivepopulations. This second edition contains new chapters on Climate Change andExploited Populations as well as new sections on genomics, geneticmonitoring, emerging diseases, metagenomics, and more. One-third ofthe references in this edition were published after the firstedition. Each of the 22 chapters and the statistical appendix have aGuest Box written by an expert in that particular topic (includingJames Crow, Louis Bernatchez, Loren Rieseberg, Rick Shine, andLisette Waits). This book is essential for advanced undergraduate and graduatestudents of conservation genetics, natural resource management, andconservation biology, as well as professional conservationbiologists working for wildlife and habitat managementagencies. Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/allendorf/populations"www.wiley.com/go/allendorf/populations/a.


Download Conservation and the Genomics of Populations PDF

Conservation and the Genomics of Populations

Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0198856563
Pages : 624 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (856 Download)

Download Free Conservation and the Genomics of Populations PDF by Fred W. Allendorf Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2022-01-20 with total page 624 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The third edition of this established textbook provides an updated and comprehensive overview of the essential background, concepts, and tools required to understand how genetics can be used to conserve species, reduce threat of extinction, and manage species of ecological or commercial importance.


Download Population Genomics PDF

Population Genomics

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Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN : 9783030045876
Pages : 822 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (87 Download)

Download Free Population Genomics PDF by Om P. Rajora Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2019-02-18 with total page 822 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Population genomics has revolutionized various disciplines of biology including population, evolutionary, ecological and conservation genetics, plant and animal breeding, human health, medicine and pharmacology by allowing to address novel and long-standing questions with unprecedented power and accuracy. It employs large-scale or genome-wide genetic information and bioinformatics to address various fundamental and applied aspects in biology and related disciplines, and provides a comprehensive genome-wide perspective and new insights that were not possible before. These advances have become possible due to the development of new and low-cost sequencing and genotyping technologies and novel statistical approaches and software, bioinformatics tools, and models. Population genomics is tremendously advancing our understanding the roles of evolutionary processes, such as mutation, genetic drift, gene flow, and natural selection, in shaping up genetic variation at individual loci and across the genome and populations; improving the assessment of population genetic parameters or processes such as adaptive evolution, effective population size, gene flow, admixture, inbreeding and outbreeding depression, demography, and biogeography; resolving evolutionary histories and phylogenetic relationships of extant, ancient and extinct species; understanding the genomic basis of fitness, adaptation, speciation, complex ecological and economically important traits, and disease and insect resistance; facilitating forensics, genetic medicine and pharmacology; delineating conservation genetic units; and understanding the genetic effects of resource management practices, and assisting conservation and sustainable management of genetic resources. This Population Genomics book discusses the concepts, approaches, applications and promises of population genomics in addressing most of the above fundamental and applied crucial aspects in a variety of organisms from microorganisms to humans. The book provides insights into a range of emerging population genomics topics including population epigenomics, landscape genomics, seascape genomics, paleogenomics, ecological and evolutionary genomics, biogeography, demography, speciation, admixture, colonization and invasion, genomic selection, and plant and animal domestication. This book fills a vacuum in the field and is expected to become a primary reference in Population Genomics world-wide.


Download Conservation Genetics in Mammals PDF

Conservation Genetics in Mammals

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Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN : 3030333345
Pages : 378 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (333 Download)

Download Free Conservation Genetics in Mammals PDF by Jorge Ortega Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-01-24 with total page 378 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book focuses on the use of molecular tools to study small populations of rare and endangered mammals, and presents case studies that apply an evolutionary framework to address innovative questions in the emerging field of mammalian conservation genomics using a highly diverse set of novel molecular tools. Novel and more precise molecular technologies now allow experts in the field of mammology to interpret data in a more contextual and empirical fashion and to better describe the evolutionary and ecological processes that are responsible for the patterns they observe. The book also demonstrates how recent advances in genetic/genomic technologies have been applied to assess the impact of environmental/anthropogenic changes on the health of small populations of mammals. It examines a range of issues in the field of mammalian conservation genomics, such as the role that the genetic diversity of the immune system plays in disease protection and local adaptation; the use of noninvasive techniques and genomic banks as a resource for monitoring and restoring populations; the structuring of population by physical barriers; and genetic diversity. Further, by integrating research from a variety of areas – including population genetics, molecular ecology, systematics, and evolutionary and conservation biology – it enables readers to gain a deeper understanding of the conservation biology of mammals that are at increasing risk of extinction at local, regional and global scales. As such, it offers a unique resource for a broad readership interested in the conservation biology of mammals and conservation management strategies to better preserve biodiversity.


Download Population Genomics: Wildlife PDF

Population Genomics: Wildlife

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN : 3030634892
Pages : 558 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (634 Download)

Download Free Population Genomics: Wildlife PDF by Paul A. Hohenlohe Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-12-09 with total page 558 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Population genomics is revolutionizing wildlife biology, conservation, and management by providing key and novel insights into genetic, population and landscape-level processes in wildlife, with unprecedented power and accuracy. This pioneering book presents the advances and potential of population genomics in wildlife, outlining key population genomics concepts and questions in wildlife biology, population genomics approaches that are specifically applicable to wildlife, and application of population genomics in wildlife population and evolutionary biology, ecology, adaptation and conservation and management. It is important for students, researchers, and wildlife professionals to understand the growing set of population genomics tools that can address issues from delineation of wildlife populations to assessing their capacity to adapt to environmental change. This book brings together leading experts in wildlife population genomics to discuss the key areas of the field, as well as challenges, opportunities and future prospects of wildlife population genomics.


Download Conservation Genetics in the Age of Genomics PDF

Conservation Genetics in the Age of Genomics

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Publisher : Columbia University Press
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ISBN : 0231502311
Pages : 264 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (52 Download)

Download Free Conservation Genetics in the Age of Genomics PDF by George Amato Full Book and published by Columbia University Press. This book was released on 2009-08-07 with total page 264 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Genome sequencing enables scientists to study genes over time and to test the genetic variability of any form of life, from bacteria to mammals. Thanks to advances in molecular genetics, scientists can now determine an animal's degree of inbreeding or compare genetic variation of a captive species to wild or natural populations. Mapping an organism's genetic makeup recasts such terms as biodiversity and species and enables the conservation of rare or threatened species, populations, and genes. By introducing a new paradigm for studying and preserving life at a variety of levels, genomics offers solutions to previously intractable problems in understanding the biology of complex organisms and creates new tools for preserving the patterns and processes of life on this planet. Featuring a number of high-profile researchers, this volume introduces the use of molecular genetics in conservation biology and provides a historical perspective on the opportunities and challenges presented by new technologies. It discusses zoo-, museum-, and herbarium-based biological collections, which have expanded over the past decade, and covers the promises and problems of genomic and reproductive technology. The collection concludes with the philosophical and legal issues of conservation genetics and their potential effects on public policy.


Download Molecular Genetics and Genomics Tools in Biodiversity Conservation PDF

Molecular Genetics and Genomics Tools in Biodiversity Conservation

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Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN : 9789811660047
Pages : 328 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (42 Download)

Download Free Molecular Genetics and Genomics Tools in Biodiversity Conservation PDF by Ashwani Kumar Full Book and published by Springer. This book was released on 2022-03-03 with total page 328 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides insight into the use of molecular and genomic techniques to the study of populations of critically important species at various geographical scales. It delves into a wide range of issues relevant to biodiversity conservation, such as population differentiation, landscape genomics, ecological interactions, phylogenetics, phylogeography, metagenomics, molecular methods, and data processing. The current rate of biodiversity loss is unprecedented and valuable genetic resources are being lost at an alarmingly rate. Effective strategies to conserve these genetic resources are essential to maintain healthy ecosystems with inter-dependent species. The book is an invaluable resource for training undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and for young researchers. This book is particularly useful for the policy makers and academics who want to learn about important concepts in population and conservation genetics and genomics.


Download Human Population Genetics and Genomics PDF

Human Population Genetics and Genomics

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Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0123860261
Pages : 498 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (86 Download)

Download Free Human Population Genetics and Genomics PDF by Alan R. Templeton Full Book and published by Academic Press. This book was released on 2018-11-08 with total page 498 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Human Population Genetics and Genomics provides researchers/students with knowledge on population genetics and relevant statistical approaches to help them become more effective users of modern genetic, genomic and statistical tools. In-depth chapters offer thorough discussions of systems of mating, genetic drift, gene flow and subdivided populations, human population history, genotype and phenotype, detecting selection, units and targets of natural selection, adaptation to temporally and spatially variable environments, selection in age-structured populations, and genomics and society. As human genetics and genomics research often employs tools and approaches derived from population genetics, this book helps users understand the basic principles of these tools. In addition, studies often employ statistical approaches and analysis, so an understanding of basic statistical theory is also needed. Comprehensively explains the use of population genetics and genomics in medical applications and research Discusses the relevance of population genetics and genomics to major social issues, including race and the dangers of modern eugenics proposals Provides an overview of how population genetics and genomics helps us understand where we came from as a species and how we evolved into who we are now



Download Conservation Genetics in Mammals PDF

Conservation Genetics in Mammals

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Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN : 9783030333355
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (353 Download)

Download Free Conservation Genetics in Mammals PDF by Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2020 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book focuses on the use of molecular tools to study small populations of rare and endangered mammals, and presents case studies that apply an evolutionary framework to address innovative questions in the emerging field of mammalian conservation genomics using a highly diverse set of novel molecular tools. Novel and more precise molecular technologies now allow experts in the field of mammology to interpret data in a more contextual and empirical fashion and to better describe the evolutionary and ecological processes that are responsible for the patterns they observe. The book also demonstrates how recent advances in genetic/genomic technologies have been applied to assess the impact of environmental/anthropogenic changes on the health of small populations of mammals. It examines a range of issues in the field of mammalian conservation genomics, such as the role that the genetic diversity of the immune system plays in disease protection and local adaptation; the use of noninvasive techniques and genomic banks as a resource for monitoring and restoring populations; the structuring of population by physical barriers; and genetic diversity. Further, by integrating research from a variety of areas - including population genetics, molecular ecology, systematics, and evolutionary and conservation biology - it enables readers to gain a deeper understanding of the conservation biology of mammals that are at increasing risk of extinction at local, regional and global scales. As such, it offers a unique resource for a broad readership interested in the conservation biology of mammals and conservation management strategies to better preserve biodiversity.


Download Introduction to Conservation Genetics PDF

Introduction to Conservation Genetics

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0521878470
Pages : 618 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (878 Download)

Download Free Introduction to Conservation Genetics PDF by Richard Frankham Full Book and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2010 with total page 618 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This impressive author team brings the wealth of advances in conservation genetics into the new edition of this introductory text, including new chapters on population genomics and genetic issues in introduced and invasive species. They continue the strong learning features for students - main points in the margin, chapter summaries, vital support with the mathematics, and further reading - and now guide the reader to software and databases. Many new references reflect the expansion of this field. With examples from mammals, birds,...


Download The Place of Functional Genetics and Population Genomics Within Conservation Genetics PDF

The Place of Functional Genetics and Population Genomics Within Conservation Genetics

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Publisher :
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ISBN :
Pages : 242 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (584 Download)

Download Free The Place of Functional Genetics and Population Genomics Within Conservation Genetics PDF by Vincenzo Pasquale Repaci Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2016 with total page 242 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: As MHC may be an ideal genetic marker for a number of conservation scenarios, we then attempt to develop a novel method for genotyping MHC that can be used on a large number of vertebrate species. This method is based on tagged degenerate primers and genotyping by 454 sequencing. During this chapter both the molecular biology and bioinformatics components of early next generation sequencing techniques are explored. This method fails.


Download Population Genetics and Microevolutionary Theory PDF

Population Genetics and Microevolutionary Theory

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN : 1118504232
Pages : 768 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (54 Download)

Download Free Population Genetics and Microevolutionary Theory PDF by Alan R. Templeton Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2021-06-02 with total page 768 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Population Genetics and Microevolutionary Theory Explore the fundamentals of the biological implications of population genetic theory In the newly revised Second Edition of Population Genetics and Microevolutionary Theory, accomplished researcher and author Alan R. Templeton delivers a fulsome discussion of population genetics with coverage of exciting new developments in the field, including new discoveries in epigenetics and genome-wide studies. The book prepares students to successfully apply population genetics analytical tools by providing a solid foundation in microevolutionary theory. The book emphasizes that population structure forms the underlying template upon which quantitative genetics and natural selection operate and is a must-read for future population and evolutionary geneticists and those who wish to work in genetic epidemiology or conservation biology. You’ll learn about a wide array of topics, including quantitative genetics, the interactions of natural selection with other evolutionary forces, and selection in heterogeneous environments and age-structured populations. Appendices that cover genetic survey techniques and probability and statistics conclude the book. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to population genetics, including the scope of the subject, its premises, and the Hardy-Weinberg Model of Microevolution An exploration of systems of mating, including a treatment of the use of runs of homozygosity to show pedigree inbreeding in distant ancestors A practical discussion of genetic drift, including the use of effective sizes in conservation biology (with a discussion of African rhinos as an example) A concise examination of coalescence, including a treatment of the infinite sites model Perfect for graduate students in genetics and evolutionary biology programs and advanced undergraduate biology majors, Population Genetics and Microevolutionary Theory will also earn a place in the libraries of students taking courses in conservation biology, human genetics, bioinformatics, and genomics.


Download Comparative and Population Genomics of Large Carnivores PDF

Comparative and Population Genomics of Large Carnivores

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Publisher :
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ISBN :
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (883 Download)

Download Free Comparative and Population Genomics of Large Carnivores PDF by Ellie Elizabeth Armstrong Full Book and published by . This book was released on 2021 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The combined effects of land-use change, habitat loss, and climate change have placed incredible stress on species living through the Anthropocene. For charismatic megafauna, especially predators, these affects are exacerbated by additional losses from poaching and human-wildlife conflict. An open question in conservation biology and genomics, concerns how these declines manifest at the genomic level, and whether we can distinguish between populations that are on the precipice of extinction, compared to those which are simply small. In addition, there are several open questions as to how we can best manage these populations into the future; should low-diversity populations be mixed to maximize adaptive potential, or should the populations be managed separately to maintain unique lineages? Can genomics tell us something about recent and historic declines? In order to answer these questions, genome-level resources for the species in question are preferred, since patterns in the genome (such as heterozygosity and the accuracy of run of homozygosity detection) rely on highly-continguous assemblies and large amounts of whole-genome resequencing data. Here, I focus on the generation of high quality genomic data for members of the order which have experienced substantial declines over the last 100 years. I generate high-quality genome assemblies from several members of the Panthera group, including the lion, the snow leopard, the African leopard, and the tiger, in addition to high-quality genomes for several African wild dogs. I examine how using different reference assemblies can lead to biased estimates of various statistics of interest, such as heterozygosity and runs of homozygosity. I then focus on the tiger, detailing the patterns of variation and demographic history in the wild tiger, with a focus on individuals from India, where a previous lack of sampling has inhibited our evolutionary inference. Together, this scholarship provides an abundance of genomic data for species where little to no data existed, investigates the biases and pitfalls of genomic data, and uses range-wide sampling of a species of conservation concern to generate management recommendations based on signals of recent demographic declines.


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Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0191550264
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (55 Download)

Download Free Evolutionary Conservation Genetics PDF by Jacob Höglund Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2009-03-19 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Conservation genetics focuses on understanding the role and requirement of genetic variation for population persistence. However, considerable debate now surrounds the role of genetic factors (as opposed to non-genetic factors such as habitat destruction etc.) in population extinction, and a comprehensive synthesis is now timely. Can extinction be explained by habitat destruction alone or is lack of genetic variation a part of the explanation? The book thoroughly reviews the arguments for a role of genetics in the present biodiversity crisis. It describes the methods used to study genetic variation in endangered species and examines the influence of genetic variation in the extinction of species. To date, conservation genetics has predominantly utilized neutral genetic markers e.g. microsatellites. However, with the recent advances in molecular genetics and genomics it will soon be possible to study 'direct gene action', following the fate of genetic variation at the level of DNA, through expression, to proteins in order to determine how such phenotypes fare in populations of free living organisms. Evolutionary Conservation Genetics explores these exciting avenues of future research potential, integrating ecological quantitative genetics with the new genome science. It is now more important than ever that we ask relevant questions about the evolutionary fate of endangered populations throughout the globe and incorporate our knowledge of evolutionary processes and the distribution of genetic diversity into effective conservation planning and action.


Download Molecular Ecology PDF

Molecular Ecology

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN : 1119993083
Pages : 464 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (993 Download)

Download Free Molecular Ecology PDF by Joanna R. Freeland Full Book and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2011-03-23 with total page 464 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Molecular Ecology, 2nd Edition provides an accessible introduction to the many diverse aspects of this subject. The book takes a logical and progressive approach to uniting examples from a wide range of taxonomic groups. The straightforward writing style offers in depth analysis whilst making often challenging subjects such as population genetics and phylogenetics highly comprehensible to the reader. The first part of the book introduces the essential underpinnings of molecular ecology and gives a review of genetics and discussion of the molecular markers that are most frequently used in ecological research, and a chapter devoted to the newly emerging field of ecological genomics. The second half of the book covers specific applications of molecular ecology, covering phylogeography, behavioural ecology and conservation genetics. The new edition provides a thoroughly up-to-date introduction to the field, emphasising new types of analyses and including current examples and techniques whilst also retaining the information-rich, highly readable style which set the first edition apart. Incorporates both theoretical and applied perspectives Highly accessible, user-friendly approach and presentation Includes self-assessment activities with hypothetical cases based on actual species and realistic data sets Uses case studies to place the theory in context Provides coverage of population genetics, genomics, phylogeography, behavioural ecology and conservation genetics.