Download Chambers Universal Learners' Dictionary PDF

Chambers Universal Learners' Dictionary

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Publisher : Allied Publishers
Release Date :
ISBN : 9788186062142
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (149 Download)

Download Free Chambers Universal Learners' Dictionary PDF by Full Book and published by Allied Publishers. This book was released on 1980 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Chambers Universal Learners' Dictionary PDF

Chambers Universal Learners' Dictionary

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Publisher : W & R Chambers Limited
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780550106346
Pages : 907 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (34 Download)

Download Free Chambers Universal Learners' Dictionary PDF by E. M. Kirkpatrick Full Book and published by W & R Chambers Limited. This book was released on 1987 with total page 907 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Chambers Dictionary Of Phrasal Verbs PDF

Chambers Dictionary Of Phrasal Verbs

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Publisher : Allied Publishers
Release Date :
ISBN : 9788186062135
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (13 Download)

Download Free Chambers Dictionary Of Phrasal Verbs PDF by Full Book and published by Allied Publishers. This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Encyclopedic Learners' Dictionaries PDF

Encyclopedic Learners' Dictionaries

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN : 3110916843
Pages : 310 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (916 Download)

Download Free Encyclopedic Learners' Dictionaries PDF by Martin Stark Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2015-03-30 with total page 310 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book describes and evaluates the usefulness of a recently developed lexicographical hybrid: the encyclopedic learner's dictionary (ELD). First, the ELD is analysed from a typological perspective. Two encyclopedic learners' dictionaries are dissected and compared, and a checklist of ELD design features is drawn up. A survey of previous user-based studies is then provided, followed by a description of the questionnaire-based methodology used in this user-centred investigation. Next, a critical analysis of each ELD design feature is provided. Finally, the implications of this research for the future production of ELDs are presented as a checklist of recommendations.


Download Professional Report Writing PDF

Professional Report Writing

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Publisher : Gower Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780566076695
Pages : 222 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (691 Download)

Download Free Professional Report Writing PDF by Simon Mort Full Book and published by Gower Publishing, Ltd.. This book was released on 1995 with total page 222 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Simon Mort provides practical guidance on such topics as:- deciding the format- structuring a report- stylistic pitfalls and how to avoid them- making the most of illustrations- ensuring a consistent layout.The theme throughout is fitness for purpose, and the text is enriched by a wide variety of examples drawn from business, industry and government. Simon Mort's book is an indispensable reference work for managers, civil servants, local government officers, consultants and professionals of every kind.


Download English monolingual learners' dictionaries PDF

English monolingual learners' dictionaries

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN : 3111340627
Pages : 177 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (34 Download)

Download Free English monolingual learners' dictionaries PDF by John D. Battenburg Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2017-12-04 with total page 177 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Lexicographica. Series Maior features monographs and edited volumes on the topics of lexicography and meta-lexicography. Works from the broader domain of lexicology are also included, provided they strengthen the theoretical, methodological and empirical basis of lexicography and meta-lexicography. The almost 150 books published in the series since its founding in 1984 clearly reflect the main themes and developments of the field. The publications focus on aspects of lexicography such as micro- and macrostructure, typology, history of the discipline, and application-oriented lexicographical documentation.


Download Dictionary Look-up Strategies and the Bilingualised Learner's Dictionary PDF

Dictionary Look-up Strategies and the Bilingualised Learner's Dictionary

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN : 3110918803
Pages : 134 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (918 Download)

Download Free Dictionary Look-up Strategies and the Bilingualised Learner's Dictionary PDF by Jenny Thumb Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2016-04-11 with total page 134 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The research has provided insights into the area of look-up behaviour, in particular, look-up strategies. A coding scheme of 51 executive, cognitive and metacognitive operations has been derived from the think-aloud data. On the basis of the codes, seven types of strategies were identified: Ignoring, Assuming, Minimizing, Checking, Paraphrasing, Stretching, and Maximizing. The results also indicated that the look-up strategies preferred one part (either L1 translation equivalents or L2 definitions) rather than both parts (L1 translation equivalents and L2 definitions) of the bilingualised entries. Four other factors i.e. language preference, language proficiency, target words and L2 definitions could also influence the use of the bilingualised entries in various degrees. Learners were shown to have common as well as different patterns of strategy use. Most learners attempted a variety of strategies while one learner repeatedly utilized one type of strategy. The frequency of strategy use for individual learners usually fluctuated when different types of strategies were used. Although a wide variety of strategies were used, not every strategy was used frequently. The most frequently used strategy was maximizing, which was used in 112 look-ups out of a total of 264. It appears that the learners repeatedly used strategies they are familiar with or they think are effective, and do not spontaneously try other strategies that they may know and that may be effective.


Download The dictionary and the language learner PDF

The dictionary and the language learner

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN : 3111340503
Pages : 281 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (34 Download)

Download Free The dictionary and the language learner PDF by Anthony P. Cowie Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2015-11-13 with total page 281 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Lexicographica. Series Maior features monographs and edited volumes on the topics of lexicography and meta-lexicography. Works from the broader domain of lexicology are also included, provided they strengthen the theoretical, methodological and empirical basis of lexicography and meta-lexicography. The almost 150 books published in the series since its founding in 1984 clearly reflect the main themes and developments of the field. The publications focus on aspects of lexicography such as micro- and macrostructure, typology, history of the discipline, and application-oriented lexicographical documentation.


Download Defining with Simple Vocabulary in English Dictionaries PDF

Defining with Simple Vocabulary in English Dictionaries

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
Release Date :
ISBN : 9027260001
Pages : 326 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (26 Download)

Download Free Defining with Simple Vocabulary in English Dictionaries PDF by Mariusz Piotr Kamiński Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing Company. This book was released on 2021-04-15 with total page 326 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book investigates an important but under-researched aspect of dictionary making: the use of a controlled vocabulary in definitions. The main concern of the author is the role of a definition vocabulary in how foreign learners understand and perceive dictionary definitions. The author takes the reader through a detailed historical account of controlled vocabularies and examines definitions in a range of English dictionaries with respect to their vocabulary loads. He performs a series of experiments with university students to reveal merits and shortcomings of restricted vocabularies. This monograph has been written with the aim to fill a gap in the literature on defining vocabulary. It is intended for lexicographers, dictionary editors, course designers, teachers, and students, as well as anyone who wishes to explain words in an intelligible way.


Download A History of the Chambers Dictionary PDF

A History of the Chambers Dictionary

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release Date :
ISBN : 3110312735
Pages : 309 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (312 Download)

Download Free A History of the Chambers Dictionary PDF by Mariusz Kaminski Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2013-08-01 with total page 309 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the literature on English lexicography there have been few attempts at a systematic study of the history of popular dictionaries that have been around for many years in English-speaking countries. A dictionary like Chambers deserves special attention because of its long tradition that goes back to the nineteenth century. Although it has gone through numerous editions, its history has received little attention from scholars. The book traces the development of the Chambers Dictionary from its origins to the present time by comparing corresponding parts of successive editions of the dictionary. This comparative approach aims to determine major trends in the evolution of the dictionary. It will provide scholars and interested students with insights into the Chambers lexicographers’ work, the goals they aimed to achieve, and the problems they had to face when revising the dictionary.


Download Lexicographic Description of English PDF

Lexicographic Description of English

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Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 9027230145
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (23 Download)

Download Free Lexicographic Description of English PDF by Morton Benson Full Book and published by John Benjamins Publishing. This book was released on 1986-01-01 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Designed to help lexicographers compile better dictionaries of English, this book provides information about the language that is not available in any other single source. It is the first serious attempt to describe in detail the lexical and grammatical differences between American and British English and offers a trailblazing solution to the vexing problem of how to treat General American and British RP pronunciation in the same dictionary with the help of a Simplified Transcription for which any typewriter keyboard can be adapted and a pioneering description of the principles concerning the treatment of fixed grammatical and lexical collocations in future general-purpose dictionaries of English.


Download Grammatical Information in ESL Dictionaries PDF

Grammatical Information in ESL Dictionaries

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN : 3111341127
Pages : 175 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (341 Download)

Download Free Grammatical Information in ESL Dictionaries PDF by Edward Scott McCorduck Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2017-12-04 with total page 175 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Lexicographica. Series Maior features monographs and edited volumes on the topics of lexicography and meta-lexicography. Works from the broader domain of lexicology are also included, provided they strengthen the theoretical, methodological and empirical basis of lexicography and meta-lexicography. The almost 150 books published in the series since its founding in 1984 clearly reflect the main themes and developments of the field. The publications focus on aspects of lexicography such as micro- and macrostructure, typology, history of the discipline, and application-oriented lexicographical documentation.


Download Languages in Contact and Contrast PDF

Languages in Contact and Contrast

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release Date :
ISBN : 9783110125740
Pages : 502 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (749 Download)

Download Free Languages in Contact and Contrast PDF by Vladimir Ivir Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 1991 with total page 502 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The papers in this collection throw fresh light on the relation between language contact and contrastive linguistics. The book focuses equally on the mutual influence of linguistic systems in contact and on the language contrasts that govern the linguistic behaviour of the bilingual speaker.


Download LEXeter '83: proceedings PDF

LEXeter '83: proceedings

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN : 3111593169
Pages : 459 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (593 Download)

Download Free LEXeter '83: proceedings PDF by Reinhard R. K. Hartmann Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2017-12-04 with total page 459 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Lexicographica. Series Maior features monographs and edited volumes on the topics of lexicography and meta-lexicography. Works from the broader domain of lexicology are also included, provided they strengthen the theoretical, methodological and empirical basis of lexicography and meta-lexicography. The almost 150 books published in the series since its founding in 1984 clearly reflect the main themes and developments of the field. The publications focus on aspects of lexicography such as micro- and macrostructure, typology, history of the discipline, and application-oriented lexicographical documentation.


Download The Bloomsbury Handbook of Lexicography PDF

The Bloomsbury Handbook of Lexicography

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 1350181714
Pages : 512 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (181 Download)

Download Free The Bloomsbury Handbook of Lexicography PDF by Howard Jackson Full Book and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2022-02-24 with total page 512 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A definitive guide to the long tradition of lexicography, this handbook is a rigorous and systematic overview of the field and its recent developments. Featuring key topics, research areas, new directions and a manageable guide to beginning and developing research in the field, this one-volume reference provides both a survey of current research and more practical guidance for advanced study. Fully updated and revised to take account of recent developments, in particular innovations in digital technology and online lexicography, this second edition features: - 6 new chapters, covering metalexicography, lexicography for Asian languages, lexicography for endangered and minority languages, onomasiological lexicography, collaborative lexicography, and internet dictionaries - Thoroughly revised chapters on learner dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries and future directions, alongside a significantly updated third part on 'New Directions in Lexicography', accounting for innovations in digital lexicography - An expanded glossary of key terms and an updated annotated bibliography Identifying and describing the central concepts associated with lexicography and its main branches of study, The Bloomsbury Handbook of Lexicography demonstrates the direct influence of linguistics on the development of the field and is an essential resource for anyone interested in this area.


Download Pedagogical Lexicography Today PDF

Pedagogical Lexicography Today

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN : 3110947013
Pages : 224 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (947 Download)

Download Free Pedagogical Lexicography Today PDF by Fredric Thomas Dolezal Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2014-07-24 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The aim of this monograph, which has rich and evaluative annotations, is to contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of the issues in a major developing area of pedagogical lexicography. With this monograph researchers and students can have access to a set of 521 articles from a diverse array of publications, many in hard-to-find sources, that will prove valuable in reviewing the literature of the area. Because articles on language users and dictionary users are published in journals devoted to reading research, language acquisition, second language teaching, linguistics, and lexicography, most of the past research in the area has not shown critical awareness of this diffuse collection of research. The annotated bibliography found in this monograph supplies scholars in all the different fields of enquiry a critical guide to past and current work in pedagogical lexicography. Because this subfield of lexicography has developed in a variety of disciplines, it is difficult for researchers in any single discipline or sub-discipline to find relevant and important articles; this annotated bibliography not only provides a highly defined topical index based on a key-word analysis of the literature, but also annotations and commentary that provide the reader with a critical understanding of the important issues and debates in the development of the study of learners' dictionaries and dictionary users. The authors of this monograph have written the critical annotations in a manner that foregrounds the points of debate within the area which helps to define the concerns of the area.


Download The Use and Abuse of EFL Dictionaries PDF

The Use and Abuse of EFL Dictionaries

Author :
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release Date :
ISBN : 3110946033
Pages : 162 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (946 Download)

Download Free The Use and Abuse of EFL Dictionaries PDF by Hilary Nesi Full Book and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2000-01-01 with total page 162 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume examines some of the ways in which dictionary use has been studied, considers the problems encountered by researchers in this field, and presents a series of experiments which explore fundamental questions concerning the use of dictionaries by learners of English as a foreign language. - Are dictionaries helpful in examinations? Does defining style affect consultation success? Do dictionaries benefit some kinds of learners more than others? How useful are illustrative examples? The author concludes with an analysis of current trends in the design of dictionaries for learners of English, and considers the possible impact of new elctronic formats on dictionary use.