Download Brains, Buddhas, and Believing PDF

Brains, Buddhas, and Believing

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Publisher : Columbia University Press
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ISBN : 0231145470
Pages : 328 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (145 Download)

Download Free Brains, Buddhas, and Believing PDF by Dan Arnold Full Book and published by Columbia University Press. This book was released on 2014-04-08 with total page 328 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Premodern Buddhists are sometimes characterized as veritable Òmind scientistsÓ whose insights anticipate modern research on the brain and mind. Aiming to complicate this story, Dan Arnold confronts a significant obstacle to popular attempts at harmonizing classical Buddhist and modern scientific thought: since most Indian Buddhists held that the mental continuum is uninterrupted by death (its continuity is what Buddhists mean by ÒrebirthÓ), they would have no truck with the idea that everything about the mental can be explained in terms of brain events. Nevertheless, a predominant stream of Indian Buddhist thought, associated with the seventh-century thinker Dharmakirti, turns out to be vulnerable to arguments modern philosophers have leveled against physicalism. By characterizing the philosophical problems commonly faced by Dharmakirti and contemporary philosophers such as Jerry Fodor and Daniel Dennett, Arnold seeks to advance an understanding of both first-millennium Indian arguments and contemporary debates on the philosophy of mind. The issues center on what modern philosophers have called intentionalityÑthe fact that the mind can be about (or represent or mean) other things. Tracing an account of intentionality through Kant, Wilfrid Sellars, and John McDowell, Arnold argues that intentionality cannot, in principle, be explained in causal terms. Elaborating some of DharmakirtiÕs central commitments (chiefly his apoha theory of meaning and his account of self-awareness), Arnold shows that despite his concern to refute physicalism, DharmakirtiÕs causal explanations of the mental mean that modern arguments from intentionality cut as much against his project as they do against physicalist philosophies of mind. This is evident in the arguments of some of DharmakirtiÕs contemporaneous Indian critics (proponents of the orthodox Brahmanical Mimasa school as well as fellow Buddhists from the Madhyamaka school of thought), whose critiques exemplify the same logic as modern arguments from intentionality. Elaborating these various strands of thought, Arnold shows that seemingly arcane arguments among first-millennium Indian thinkers can illuminate matters still very much at the heart of contemporary philosophy.


Download Why Philosophy Matters for the Study of Religion—and Vice Versa PDF

Why Philosophy Matters for the Study of Religion—and Vice Versa

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0191062162
Pages : 224 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (62 Download)

Download Free Why Philosophy Matters for the Study of Religion—and Vice Versa PDF by Thomas A. Lewis Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2015-12-17 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Work in philosophy of religion is still strongly marked by an excessive focus on Christianity and, to a lesser extent, Judaism — almost to the exclusion of other religious traditions. Moreover, in many cases it has been confined to a narrow set of intellectual problems, without embedding these in their larger social, historical, and practical contexts. Why Philosophy Matters for the Study of Religion—and Vice Versa addresses this situation through a series of interventions intended to work against the gap that exists between much scholarship in philosophy of religion and important recent developments that speak to religious studies as a whole. This volume takes up what, in recent years, has often been seen as a fundamental reason for excluding religious ethics and philosophy of religion from religious studies: their explicit normativity. Against this presupposition, Thomas A. Lewis argues that normativity is pervasive—not unique to ethics and philosophy of religion—and therefore not a reason to exclude them from religious studies. Lewis bridges more philosophical and historical subfields by arguing for the importance of history to the philosophy of religion. He considers the future of religious ethics, explaining that the field as whole should learn from the methodological developments associated with recent work in comparative religious ethics and 'comparative religious ethics' should no longer be conceived as a distinct subfield. The concluding chapter engages broader, post-9/11 arguments about the importance of studying religion arguing, that prominent contemporary notions of 'religious literacy' actually hinder our ability to grasp religion's significance and impact in the world today.


Download Buddhism, Cognitive Science, and the Doctrine of Selflessness PDF

Buddhism, Cognitive Science, and the Doctrine of Selflessness

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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
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ISBN : 1000656195
Pages : 243 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (656 Download)

Download Free Buddhism, Cognitive Science, and the Doctrine of Selflessness PDF by Hugh Nicholson Full Book and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2022-09-30 with total page 243 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines the relationship between Buddhist philosophy and scientific psychology by focusing on the doctrine of No-self. The hypothesis is that No-self can function as an instrument of counter-induction, that is, an alternative conceptual scheme that exposes by contrast the intuitive or "folk" theoretical presuppositions sedimented in our perception of ourselves and others. When incorporated into regimens of meditative and ritual practice, the No-self doctrine works to challenge and disrupt our naïve folk psychology. The author argues that there is a fruitful parallel between the No-self doctrine and anti-Cartesian trends in the cognitive sciences. The No-self doctrine was the product of philosophical speculation undertaken in the context of hegemonic struggles with both Buddhist and non-Buddhist rivals, and the classic No-self doctrine, accordingly, is a somewhat schematic and largely accidental anticipation of the current scientific understanding of the mind and consciousness. Nevertheless, inasmuch as it challenges and unsettles the seemingly self-evident certitudes of folk psychology, it prepares the ground for the revolution in our self-conception promised by the emerging cognitive scientific concept of mind. A novel contribution to the study of Buddhist Philosophy, the book will also be of interest to scholars of Buddhist Studies and Asian Religions.


Download Religion and Science in the Mirror of Buddhism PDF

Religion and Science in the Mirror of Buddhism

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN : 1317435427
Pages : 168 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (435 Download)

Download Free Religion and Science in the Mirror of Buddhism PDF by Francisca Cho Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-10-14 with total page 168 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers a Buddhist perspective on the conflict between religion and science in contemporary western society. Examining Buddhist history, authors Francisca Cho and Richard K. Squier offer a comparative analysis of Buddhist and western scientific epistemologies that transcends the limitations of non-Buddhist approaches to the subject of religion and science. The book is appropriate for undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers interested in comparative religion or in the intersection of religion and science and Buddhist Studies.


Download Buddhist Philosophy of Consciousness PDF

Buddhist Philosophy of Consciousness

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Publisher : BRILL
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ISBN : 9004440917
Pages : 356 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (44 Download)

Download Free Buddhist Philosophy of Consciousness PDF by Mark Siderits Full Book and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2020-11-16 with total page 356 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Buddhist Philosophy of Consciousness explores a variety of different approaches to the study of consciousness developed by Buddhist philosophers in classical India and China. It addresses questions that are still being investigated in cognitive science and philosophy of mind.


Download Speaking for Buddhas PDF

Speaking for Buddhas

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Publisher : Columbia University Press
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ISBN : 0231152302
Pages : 298 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (152 Download)

Download Free Speaking for Buddhas PDF by Richard F. Nance Full Book and published by Columbia University Press. This book was released on 2012 with total page 298 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Buddhist intellectual discourse owes its development to a dynamic interplay between primary source materials and subsequent interpretation, yet scholarship on Indian Buddhism has long neglected to privilege one crucial series of texts. Commentaries on Buddhist scriptures, particularly the sutras, offer rich insights into the complex relationship between Buddhist intellectual practices and the norms that inform--and are informed by--them. Evaluating these commentaries in detail for the first time, Richard F. Nance revisits--and rewrites&mdashthe critical history of Buddhist thought, including its unique conception of doctrinal transmission. Attributed to such luminaries as Nagarjuna, Vasubandhu, Dignaga, and Santideva, scriptural commentaries have long played an important role in the monastic and philosophical life of Indian Buddhism. Nance reads these texts against the social and cultural conditions of their making, establishing a solid historical basis for the interpretation of key beliefs and doctrines. He also underscores areas of contention, in which scholars debate what it means to speak for, and as, a Buddha. Throughout these texts, Buddhist commentators struggle to deduce and characterize the speech of Buddhas and teach others how to convey and interpret its meaning. At the same time, they demonstrate the fundamental dilemma of trying to speak on behalf of Buddhas. Nance also investigates the notion of "right speech" as articulated by Buddhist texts and follows ideas about teaching as imagined through the common figure of a Buddhist preacher. He notes the use of epistemological concepts in scriptural interpretation and the protocols guiding the composition of scriptural commentary, and provides translations of three commentarial guides to better clarify the normative assumptions organizing these works.


Download Secularizing Buddhism PDF

Secularizing Buddhism

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Publisher : Shambhala Publications
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ISBN : 0834843722
Pages : 336 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (843 Download)

Download Free Secularizing Buddhism PDF by Richard K. Payne Full Book and published by Shambhala Publications. This book was released on 2021-08-03 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A timely essay collection on the development and influence of secular expressions of Buddhism in the West and beyond. How do secular values impact Buddhism in the modern world? What versions of Buddhism are being transmitted to the West? Is it possible to know whether an interpretation of the Buddha’s words is correct? In this new essay collection, opposing ideas that often define Buddhist communities—secular versus religious, modern versus traditional, Western versus Eastern—are unpacked and critically examined. These reflections by contemporary scholars and practitioners reveal the dynamic process of reinterpreting and reimagining Buddhism in secular contexts, from the mindfulness movement to Buddhist shrine displays in museums, to whether rebirth is an essential belief. This collection explores a wide range of modern understandings of Buddhism—whether it is considered a religion, philosophy, or lifestyle choice—and questions if secular Buddhism is purely a Western invention, offering a timely contribution to an ever-evolving discussion. Contributors include Bhikkhu Bodhi, Kate Crosby, Gil Fronsdal, Kathleen Gregory, Funie Hsu, Roger R. Jackson, Charles B. Jones, David L. McMahan, Richard K. Payne, Ron Purser, Sarah Shaw, Philippe Turenne, and Pamela D. Winfield.


Download Buddhism and Whiteness PDF

Buddhism and Whiteness

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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
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ISBN : 149858103X
Pages : 384 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (581 Download)

Download Free Buddhism and Whiteness PDF by George Yancy Full Book and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2019-05-13 with total page 384 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this unprecedented book, contributors use Buddhist philosophical and contemplative traditions, both ancient and modern, and deploy critical philosophy of race, and critical whiteness studies, to address the proverbial elephant in the room – whiteness.


Download A Buddhist Theory of Killing PDF

A Buddhist Theory of Killing

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN : 9811924414
Pages : 254 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (924 Download)

Download Free A Buddhist Theory of Killing PDF by Martin Kovan Full Book and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2022-06-20 with total page 254 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a philosophical account of the normative status of killing in Buddhism. Its argument theorises on relevant Buddhist philosophical grounds the metaphysical, phenomenological and ethical dimensions of the distinct intentional classes of killing, in dialogue with some elements of Western philosophical thought. In doing so, it aims to provide a descriptive account of the causal bases of intentional killing, a global justification and elucidation of Buddhist norms regarding killing, and an intellectual response to and critique of alternative conceptions of such norms presented in recent Buddhist Studies scholarship. It examines early and classical Buddhist accounts of the evaluation of killing, systematising and rationally assessing these claims on both Buddhist and contemporary Western philosophical grounds. The book provides the conceptual foundation for the discussion, engaging original reconstructive philosophical analyses to both bolster and critique classical Indian Buddhist positions on killing and its evaluation, as well as contemporary Buddhist Studies scholarship concerning these positions. In doing so, it provides a systematic and critical account of the subject hitherto absent in the field. Engaging Buddhist philosophy from scholastic dogmatics to epistemology and metaphysics, this book is relevant to advanced students and scholars in philosophy and religious studies.


Download The Oxford Handbook of Buddhist Ethics PDF

The Oxford Handbook of Buddhist Ethics

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0191063177
Pages : 736 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (63 Download)

Download Free The Oxford Handbook of Buddhist Ethics PDF by Daniel Cozort Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018-03-20 with total page 736 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Many forms of Buddhism, divergent in philosophy and style, emerged as Buddhism filtered out of India into other parts of Asia. Nonetheless, all of them embodied an ethical core that is remarkably consistent. Articulated by the historical Buddha in his first sermon, this moral core is founded on the concept of karma—that intentions and actions have future consequences for an individual—and is summarized as Right Speech, Right Action, and Right Livelihood, three of the elements of the Eightfold Path. Although they were later elaborated and interpreted in a multitude of ways, none of these core principles were ever abandoned. The Oxford Handbook of Buddhist Ethics provides a comprehensive overview of the field of Buddhist ethics in the twenty-first century. The Handbook discusses the foundations of Buddhist ethics focusing on karma and the precepts looking at abstinence from harming others, stealing, and intoxication. It considers ethics in the different Buddhist traditions and the similarities they share, and compares Buddhist ethics to Western ethics and the psychology of moral judgments. The volume also investigates Buddhism and society analysing economics, environmental ethics, and Just War ethics. The final section focuses on contemporary issues surrounding Buddhist ethics, including gender, sexuality, animal rights, and euthanasia. This groundbreaking collection offers an indispensable reference work for students and scholars of Buddhist ethics and comparative moral philosophy.


Download What Is Buddhist Enlightenment? PDF

What Is Buddhist Enlightenment?

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN : 0190622601
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (622 Download)

Download Free What Is Buddhist Enlightenment? PDF by Dale S. Wright Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2016-09-01 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What kind of person should I strive to be? What ideals should I pursue in my life? These basic human questions and others like them are components of the overall question that guides this book: What is enlightenment? As Dale Wright argues, any serious practitioner of human life, religious or not, confronts the challenge of living an authentic life, of overcoming common human disabilities like greed, hatred, and delusion that give rise to excessive suffering. Why then, Wright asks, is this essential question often avoided, even discouraged among Buddhists? One reason frequently cited by Buddhists is that pondering a distant goal might be a waste of energy that would be better applied to practice: Quiet the flow of obsessive thinking, put yourself in a mindful state of presence, and let enlightenment take care of itself. In this book, however, Wright contends that pondering this question is meditative practice--that attentive inquiry of this kind is essential as the starting point and guide for any mindful practice of life. Meditative reflection on the meaning of enlightenment focuses us on our aim and direction in life. It guides us in shaping our practices, our ideals, and the kinds of lives we will live. Asking what enlightenment is as a basic form of meditation helps to activate our lives and get transformative practice underway. From Wright's perspective, there is no more important question to ask than this one. What is Buddhist Enlightenment? offers a wide-ranging exploration of issues that have a bearing on the contemporary meaning of enlightenment, including a concluding section with 10 theses that answer the title's question. Written by a leading scholar of Buddhism, the book balances deep learning and an accessible style, offering valuable insights for students, scholars, and practitioners alike. While he takes an examination of what enlightenment has been in past Buddhist traditions as his point of departure, Wright's historical considerations yield to the question that our lives press upon us--what kinds of lives should we aspire to live here, now, and into the future?


Download Buddhist Philosophy and the Embodied Mind PDF

Buddhist Philosophy and the Embodied Mind

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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
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ISBN : 1538160137
Pages : 200 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (16 Download)

Download Free Buddhist Philosophy and the Embodied Mind PDF by Matthew MacKenzie Full Book and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2022 with total page 200 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book deepens and extends the dialogue between Buddhist philosophy and 4E philosophy of mind and phenomenology. It engages with core issues in the philosophy of mind, broadly construed in and through the dialogue between Buddhism and enactivism.


Download In Togetherness PDF

In Togetherness

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Publisher : Lulu.com
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ISBN : 1387730185
Pages : 514 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (73 Download)

Download Free In Togetherness PDF by Wim van den Dungen Full Book and published by Lulu.com. This book was released on 2019-12-11 with total page 514 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers an organised summary of my philosophy of the transpersonal, referring to experiences, processes, and events transcending the egology of the coarse mind and involving a sense of connection to, or participation with, a larger, more meaningful existence transforming consciousness. In the past, transpersonal philosophy developed Perennial, Empiricist and Participatory models to explain the holotropic, or altered states of consciousness calling for wholeness. This book integrates these views to accommodate a critical model, encompassing Criticism, Process Philosophy, Piaget's Genetic Epistemology, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, the Eastern Chakra system, the Qabalah, Psychedelica and Depth Psychology, in casu Assagioli's Psychosynthesis. The distinction between self-actualization (the vision of totality) and self-realization (mystical experience touching the infinite) is pertinent and informs this critical and eclectic transpersonal philosophy.


Download The Routledge Handbook of Buddhist-Christian Studies PDF

The Routledge Handbook of Buddhist-Christian Studies

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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date :
ISBN : 100063728X
Pages : 728 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (637 Download)

Download Free The Routledge Handbook of Buddhist-Christian Studies PDF by Carol Anderson Full Book and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2022-09-30 with total page 728 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Buddhist-Christian dialogue has a long and complex history that stretches back to the first centuries of the common era. Comprising 42 international and disciplinarily diverse chapters, this volume begins by setting up a framework for examining the nature of Buddhist-Christian interreligious dialogue, discussing how research in this area has been conducted in the past and considering future theoretical directions. Subsequent chapters delve into: important episodes in the history of Buddhist-Christian dialogue; contemporary conversations such as monastic interreligious dialogue, multiple religious identity, and dual religious practice; and Buddhist-Christian cooperation in social justice, social engagement, pastoral care, and interreligious education settings. The volume closes with a section devoted to comparative and constructive explorations of different speculative themes that range from the theological to the philosophical or experiential. This handbook explores how the study of Buddhist-Christian relations has been and ought to be done. The Routledge Handbook of Buddhist-Christian Studies is essential reading for researchers and students interested in Buddhist-Christian studies, Asian religions, and interreligious relationships. It will be of interest to those in fields such as anthropology, political science, theology, and history.


Download Personal Identity and Buddhist Philosophy PDF

Personal Identity and Buddhist Philosophy

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1351911899
Pages : 248 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (911 Download)

Download Free Personal Identity and Buddhist Philosophy PDF by Mark Siderits Full Book and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-05-15 with total page 248 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Since the publication of Mark Siderits' important book in 2003, much has changed in the field of Buddhist philosophy. There has been unprecedented growth in analytic metaphysics, and a considerable amount of new work on Indian theories of the self and personal identity has emerged. Fully revised and updated, and drawing on these changes as well as on developments in the author's own thinking, Personal Identity and Buddhist Philosophy, second edition explores the conversation between Buddhist and Western Philosophy showing how concepts and tools drawn from one philosophical tradition can help solve problems arising in another. Siderits discusses afresh areas involved in the philosophical investigation of persons, including vagueness and its implications for personal identity, recent attempts by scholars of Buddhist philosophy to defend the attribution of an emergentist account of personhood to at least some Buddhists, and whether a distinctively Buddhist antirealism can avoid problems that beset other forms of ontological anti-foundationalism.


Download The Golden Age of Indian Buddhist Philosophy PDF

The Golden Age of Indian Buddhist Philosophy

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 019873266X
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (732 Download)

Download Free The Golden Age of Indian Buddhist Philosophy PDF by Jan Westerhoff Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018-05-17 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Jan Westerhoff unfolds the story of one of the richest episodes in the history of Indian thought, the development of Buddhist philosophy in the first millennium CE. He starts from the composition of the Abhidharma works before the beginning of the common era and continues up to the time of Dharmakirti in the sixth century. This period was characterized by the development of a variety of philosophical schools and approaches that have shaped Buddhist thought up to the present day: the scholasticism of the Abhidharma, the Madhyamaka's theory of emptiness, Yogacara idealism, and the logical and epistemological works of Dinnaga and Dharmakirti. The book attempts to describe the historical development of these schools in their intellectual and cultural context, with particular emphasis on three factors that shaped the development of Buddhist philosophical thought: the need to spell out the contents of canonical texts, the discourses of the historical Buddha and the Mahayana sutras; the desire to defend their positions by sophisticated arguments against criticisms from fellow Buddhists and from non-Buddhist thinkers of classical Indian philosophy; and the need to account for insights gained through the application of specific meditative techniques. While the main focus is the period up to the sixth century CE, Westerhoff also discusses some important thinkers who influenced Buddhist thought between this time and the decline of Buddhist scholastic philosophy in India at the beginning of the thirteenth century. His aim is that the historical presentation will also allow the reader to get a better systematic grasp of key Buddhist concepts such as non-self, suffering, reincarnation, karma, and nirvana.


Download Studies in Buddhist Philosophy PDF

Studies in Buddhist Philosophy

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0198754868
Pages : 336 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (754 Download)

Download Free Studies in Buddhist Philosophy PDF by Mark Siderits Full Book and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2016-03-24 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume brings together nineteen of Mark Siderits's most important essays on Buddhist philosophy. Together they cover a wide range of topics, from metaphysics, logic, philosophy of language, epistemology, and ethics, to the specific discussions of the interaction between Buddhist and classical Indian philosophy. Each of the essays is followed by a postscript that Siderits has written specifically for this volume. The postscripts connect essays of the volume with each other, show thematic interrelations, and locate them relative to the development of Siderits's thought. In addition, they provide the opportunity to bring the discussion of the essays up to date by acquainting the reader with the development of research in the field since the publication of the essays. Siderits's work is based on an investigation of Indian sources in their original language, nevertheless the focus of the essays is primarily systematic, not historical or philological. The idea of 'fusion philosophy' (a term coined by Siderits) embodies precisely the assumption that by bringing a Western and an Eastern tradition together, both can benefit by learning from each other about new ways of tackling old philosophical problems.